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Prediction of Agro-Morphological and Nutritional Traits in Ethiopian Mustard Leaves (Brassica Carinata A. Braun) by Visible-Near-Infrared Spectroscopy

1
Department of Genomics and Biotecnology, IFAPA Center La Mojonera, Camino San Nicolás 1, La Mojonera, 04745 Almería, Spain
2
Department of Food Science and Health, IFAPA Center La Mojonera, Camino San Nicolás 1, La Mojonera, 04745 Almería, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 November 2018 / Revised: 16 December 2018 / Accepted: 20 December 2018 / Published: 22 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spectroscopy Application in Food Analysis)
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Abstract

The particular characteristics of some of the Ethiopian mustard accessions available from seed banks could be used to increase the production and the diversity of products available to consumers and to improve their general quality. The objectives of this study were to determine the genetic variability for agro-morphological (days to first flowering: DFF and leaf pubescence: LP) and nutritional traits (total phenolic content: TPC) among accessions, and to evaluate the potential of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to predict these traits in Ethiopian mustard leaves. A great variation was found for the traits evaluated. The reference values were regressed against different spectral transformations by modified partial least-squares (MPLS) regression. The coefficients of determination in cross-validation (R2cv) shown by the equations for DFF, LP and TPC were 0.95, 0.63 and 0.99, respectively. The standard deviation to standard error of cross-validation ratio (RPD), were for these traits, as follows: DFF: 4.52, LP: 1.53 and, TPC: 24.50. These results show that the equations developed for DFF and TPC in Ethiopian mustard, can be predicted with sufficient accuracy for screening purposes and quality control, respectively. In addition, the LP equation can be used to identify those samples with “low”, “medium” and “high” groups. From the study of the mean and deviation standard spectra, and regression vectors of MPLS models it can be concluded that some major cell components, highly participated in modelling the equations for these traits. View Full-Text
Keywords: Brassicaceae; near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS); flowering; pubescence leaf; total phenolic content Brassicaceae; near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS); flowering; pubescence leaf; total phenolic content
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Martínez-Valdivieso, D.; Font, R.; Del Río-Celestino, M. Prediction of Agro-Morphological and Nutritional Traits in Ethiopian Mustard Leaves (Brassica Carinata A. Braun) by Visible-Near-Infrared Spectroscopy. Foods 2019, 8, 6.

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