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Publications 2018, 6(3), 37;

Ethical Concerns in the Rise of Co-Authorship and Its Role as a Proxy of Research Collaborations

Asia-Europe Institute, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
Received: 27 June 2018 / Revised: 14 August 2018 / Accepted: 14 August 2018 / Published: 16 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bibliometrics, Measurements and Research Evaluation)
Full-Text   |   PDF [185 KB, uploaded 16 August 2018]


Increasing specialization, changes in the institutional incentives for publication, and a host of other reasons have brought about a marked trend towards co-authored articles among researchers. These changes have impacted Science and Technology (S&T) policies worldwide. Co-authorship is often considered to be a reliable proxy for assessing research collaborations at micro, meso, and macro levels. Although co-authorship in a scholarly publication brings numerous benefits to the participating authors, it has also given rise to issues of publication integrity, such as ghost authorships and honorary authorships. The code of conduct of bodies such as the American Psychological Association (APA) and the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) make it clear that only those who have significantly contributed to the study should be on the authorship list. Those who have contributed little have to be appropriately “acknowledged” in footnotes or in the acknowledgement section. However, these principles are sometimes transgressed, and a complete solution still remains elusive. View Full-Text
Keywords: co-authorship; scholarly publications; research collaborations; ethics; APA; ICMJE co-authorship; scholarly publications; research collaborations; ethics; APA; ICMJE
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Kumar, S. Ethical Concerns in the Rise of Co-Authorship and Its Role as a Proxy of Research Collaborations. Publications 2018, 6, 37.

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