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Volume 4, August
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European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education is published by MDPI from Volume 10 Issue 1 (2020). Previous articles were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence, and they are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with University Association of Education and Psychology.

Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ., Volume 4, Issue 1 (April 2014) – 5 articles , Pages 5-65

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208 KiB  
Article
What Learning Theories of Reading are Attributed by Teachers who Teach Reading with Different Teaching Method?
by Natalia Suárez, Cristina Rodríguez, Isabel O’Shanahan and Juan E. Jiménez
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2014, 4(1), 55-65; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe4010005 - 7 Jan 2014
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1055
Abstract
The aim of this study was to analyze the teacher´s theories about learning to read and reading instruction that claim to use in the classroom. To do this, we selected a total sample of 522 kindergarden and primary teachers in service who completed [...] Read more.
The aim of this study was to analyze the teacher´s theories about learning to read and reading instruction that claim to use in the classroom. To do this, we selected a total sample of 522 kindergarden and primary teachers in service who completed an attributional questionnaire across the tutorial program LETRA (www.programaletra.ull.es). The results showed that teachers attributed theories of learning to read with a sociocultural orientation lean more towards a mixed method, teachers who share a behavior approach consider that the repetition in your workouts and instruction is important to teach reading, are more inclined to use a syllabic method and mixed. Moreover, the results indicate that teachers who hold constructivist theory they select whole-language and mixed approaches for teaching reading to their students. Full article
218 KiB  
Article
Burnout in Professional Caregivers and Quality of Life in Institutionalized Center Residents
by Juan P. Martínez, Inmaculada Méndez, Esther Secanilla, Ana Benavente and Julia García Sevilla
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2014, 4(1), 41-53; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe4010004 - 30 Sep 2013
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 680
Abstract
Starting from previous studies in professional caregivers of people with dementia and other diseases in institutionalized centers of different regions, the aim of this study was to compare burnout levels that workers present depending on the center, to create a caregiver profile with [...] Read more.
Starting from previous studies in professional caregivers of people with dementia and other diseases in institutionalized centers of different regions, the aim of this study was to compare burnout levels that workers present depending on the center, to create a caregiver profile with high professional accomplishment and to describe the quality of life that residents perceive Murcia and Barcelona. The instruments used were the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), the Professional Caregiver Survey developed ad hoc and the Brief Questionnaire of Quality of Life (CUBRECAVI in Spanish) on residents. The results show, on the one hand, that levels of professional accomplishment may be paradoxically higher in the case of catastrophe and, on the other hand, the 98.2% of users are satisfied with the residence in which is located and 81.8% with the manner in which occupy the time. The conclusions that are extrapolated from the study shed light on the current situation of workers and residents and the influence that an earthquake can have on them. Full article
325 KiB  
Article
Cognitive and Functional Impairment of Hospitalized Patients over 65 Years of Age
by Mª José Calero-García and Alfonso J. Cruz Lendínez
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2014, 4(1), 5-18; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe4010001 - 18 Sep 2013
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 576
Abstract
The first objective of this research is to establish and study how the different stages of cognitive impairment and the levels of dependence evolve in patients over 65 years of age, admitted to an acute care hospital, as well as the relationship between [...] Read more.
The first objective of this research is to establish and study how the different stages of cognitive impairment and the levels of dependence evolve in patients over 65 years of age, admitted to an acute care hospital, as well as the relationship between these factors and the different social and demographical variables. The results show that the level of dependence decreases suddenly at the time of admission and undergoes a slight recovery at the time of discharge. Although this recovery continues at home after discharge, patients do not get the same level of independence that they used to have before admission. In addition, significant differences in terms of age, marital status and education level were found. In general, our results show that elderly men over 80 years of age, without no education and widowers are more likely to suffer from severe cognitive impairment and be more functionally dependent when admitted to hospital. Full article
149 KiB  
Article
Happiness and Physical Activity in the Elderly
by Alfonso J. García, M. Rocío Bohórquez and Macarena Lorenzo
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2014, 4(1), 19-30; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe4010002 - 16 Sep 2013
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 753
Abstract
The overall objective of this study was to explore past and present happiness from people over 65 years old, and the relationship that physical activity may have with it. Participants voluntarily completed a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Physical Activity Scale Battery STEPS 2.1 (WHO, [...] Read more.
The overall objective of this study was to explore past and present happiness from people over 65 years old, and the relationship that physical activity may have with it. Participants voluntarily completed a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Physical Activity Scale Battery STEPS 2.1 (WHO, 2012) and the Scale of Happiness (Godoy and Godoy-Izquierdo, 2006). The results show that present happiness is lower than last. Furthermore, it is shown that the current practice of physical activity affects the happiness of the greatest, being happiest those most active at this stage of his life. Finally, having been involved in physical activity at some point in the life cycle (past, present or continuously) is related to a higher level of happiness than that related to a sedentary lifestyle; the mechanisms involved in this protective role of happiness must be determined. This protective role of physical activity has to be taken into account in the design of programs and intervention promoting active and positive aging population. Full article
283 KiB  
Article
Eating Habits, Health and Gender in the Elderly
by Mª Rosario López Giménez, Mª Pilar Montero López, Ana Isabel Mora Urda and Juan Francisco Romero Collazos
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2014, 4(1), 31-40; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe4010003 - 6 Sep 2013
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 810
Abstract
The aging process must be understood as a multifactorial process involving interactions between biological, environmental and gender factors. Lifestyle and diet are factors of particular importance in the health situation of elderly. Thus one of the most important goals of aging research is [...] Read more.
The aging process must be understood as a multifactorial process involving interactions between biological, environmental and gender factors. Lifestyle and diet are factors of particular importance in the health situation of elderly. Thus one of the most important goals of aging research is to identify factors that contribute to improving health in this stage of life. A cross-sectional observational study was performed with a sample of 191 women and men aged 65 or more years in rural and urban areas of the Comunidad de Madrid, through interviews with a survey designed ad hoc for the study, which considered different social, cultural, lifestyle and health. The results showed that women perceived their health as fair or poor in a higher percentage of men (61% women vs. 45% men), they were also less satisfied with their life (28.6% women vs. 6% men). Educational level, gender and morbidity were determinants in the perception of health. There was a different pattern of health in both genders, with a significant prevalence of osteo-articular problems in women (62.3%). Eating habits at the time of the study showed no association with better or worse health, either among women or men, while gender issues (education or income level) were associated with health. Full article
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