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Concept Paper

Training Community Pharmacy Staff How to Help Manage Urgent Mental Health Crises

1
Department of Pharmacy Practice, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
2
Department of Sociobehavioral and Administrative Pharmacy, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale-Davie, FL 33314, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pharmacy 2019, 7(3), 133; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy7030133
Received: 9 July 2019 / Revised: 5 September 2019 / Accepted: 7 September 2019 / Published: 16 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pharmacist Services)
Nearly 44 million Americans are affected by mental illness every year. Many individuals, however, are not diagnosed and/or do not receive treatment. The present manuscript reviews the incidence of mental illness, the continuum from mental wellness to mental illness, and the role of the pharmacy staff in helping individuals manage different mental health needs. In particular, there is discussion of stigma of mental illness that those with mental health needs experience by those around them including health professionals such as pharmacy staff. One way to resolve such stigma is through training such as Mental Health First Aid (MHFA). The paper reviews key aspects of MHFA, the evidence supporting MHFA, and how MHFA relates specifically to pharmacy practice and services. A conceptual framework for MHFA and its relationship to individual factors, attitudes, behaviors, and outcomes. Lastly, a discussion is presented that briefly compares MHFA to other similar approaches to helping those in mental health crises, the limits of what is known about MHFA, and what future research might explore to better understand the outcomes of pharmacy staff providing mental health education, support, and referral to care. View Full-Text
Keywords: mental health care; pharmacy staff; mental health first aid; mental illness; pharmacist roles mental health care; pharmacy staff; mental health first aid; mental illness; pharmacist roles
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rickles, N.; Wertheimer, A.; Huang, Y. Training Community Pharmacy Staff How to Help Manage Urgent Mental Health Crises. Pharmacy 2019, 7, 133. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy7030133

AMA Style

Rickles N, Wertheimer A, Huang Y. Training Community Pharmacy Staff How to Help Manage Urgent Mental Health Crises. Pharmacy. 2019; 7(3):133. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy7030133

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rickles, Nathaniel, Albert Wertheimer, and Yifan Huang. 2019. "Training Community Pharmacy Staff How to Help Manage Urgent Mental Health Crises" Pharmacy 7, no. 3: 133. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy7030133

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