Next Article in Journal
Influence of Climate Conditions on the Temporal Development of Wheat Yields in a Long-Term Experiment in an Area with Pleistocene Loess
Previous Article in Journal
Building Coastal Agricultural Resilience in Bangladesh: A Systematic Review of Progress, Gaps and Implications
Open AccessArticle

Projected Impacts of Climate Change on the Protected Areas of Myanmar

1
Center for Integrative Conservation, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Menglun 666303, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
Center for Mountain Futures, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China
4
Center of Conservation Biology, Core Botanical Gardens, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Menglun 666303, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Climate 2020, 8(9), 99; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli8090099
Received: 29 July 2020 / Revised: 21 August 2020 / Accepted: 24 August 2020 / Published: 25 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Climate and Environment)
Protected areas are the backbone of biodiversity conservation but are fixed in space and vulnerable to anthropogenic climate change. Myanmar is exceptionally rich in biodiversity but has a small protected area system. This study aimed to assess the potential vulnerability of this system to climate change. In the absence of good biodiversity data, we used a spatial modeling approach based on a statistically derived bioclimatic stratification (the Global Environmental Stratification, GEnS) to understand the spatial implications of projected climate change for Myanmar’s protected area system by 2050 and 2070. Nine bioclimatic zones and 41 strata were recognized in Myanmar, but their representation in the protected area system varied greatly, with the driest zones especially underrepresented. Under climate change, most zones will shift upslope, with some protected areas projected to change entirely to a new bioclimate. Potential impacts on biodiversity include mountaintop extinctions of species endemic to isolated peaks, loss of climate specialists from small protected areas and those with little elevational range, and woody encroachment into savannas and open forests as a result of both climate change and rising atmospheric CO2. Myanmar needs larger, better connected, and more representative protected areas, but political, social, and economic problems make this difficult. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioclimates; biodiversity; climate change; climate types; conservation planning; Global Environmental Stratification; tropical Asia; tropical forests; Southeast Asia bioclimates; biodiversity; climate change; climate types; conservation planning; Global Environmental Stratification; tropical Asia; tropical forests; Southeast Asia
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Nwe, T.; Zomer, R.J.; Corlett, R.T. Projected Impacts of Climate Change on the Protected Areas of Myanmar. Climate 2020, 8, 99.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop