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Open AccessArticle

Factors that Influence Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Action: A Household Study in the Nuevo Leon Region, Mexico

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Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
2
Centre for Landscape Studies, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 716, 9700 AS Groningen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Climate 2019, 7(6), 74; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli7060074
Received: 12 April 2019 / Revised: 20 May 2019 / Accepted: 24 May 2019 / Published: 28 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environment Pollution and Climate Change)
Household-level mitigation and adaptation actions are important because households make a significant contribution to greenhouse gas emissions and are severely affected by climate change. However, there is still very little understanding of the factors that influence household-level mitigation and adaptation action. From a review of literature, we identified the factors that potentially influence climate mitigation and adaptation actions of households, which we then tested using survey data from 622 households in Nuevo Leon, Mexico. Nuevo Leon is a major emitter of greenhouse gasses and is a state where climate-related disasters are recurrent and expected to increase in frequency and severity. Results from ordinal regression analyses showed that perceived knowledge and financial self-efficacy greatly influenced the extent of household-level action taken. To a lesser extent, the age and educational level of the respondent also affected action. Respondents pointed out the need to know about different aspects of climate change. An implication of our study is the value of recognizing the importance of perceptions, as mitigation and adaptation actions are shaped by perceptions of climate change alongside socio-demographic characteristics. This may have significant implications for policies and campaigns promoting household-level action to increase resilience to climate change. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mexico; climate change awareness; household action; perceived knowledge; climate change beliefs; climate and development Mexico; climate change awareness; household action; perceived knowledge; climate change beliefs; climate and development
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González-Hernández, D.L.; Meijles, E.W.; Vanclay, F. Factors that Influence Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Action: A Household Study in the Nuevo Leon Region, Mexico. Climate 2019, 7, 74.

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