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Article

Multivariate Analysis of Amino Acids and Health Beneficial Properties of Cantaloupe Varieties Grown in Six Locations in the United States

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Vegetable & Fruit Improvement Center, Department of Horticultural Sciences, Texas A&M University, 1500 Research Parkway, Suite A120, College Station, TX 77845-2119, USA
2
National Center of Excellence for Melon at the Vegetable and Fruit Improvement Center, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77845, USA
3
School of Animal and Comparative Biomedical Sciences, University of Arizona, 1117 E. Lowell Street, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(9), 1058; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9091058
Received: 18 July 2020 / Revised: 14 August 2020 / Accepted: 17 August 2020 / Published: 19 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mechanisms of Plant Antioxidants Action)
Cantaloupe is a good dietary source of amino acids, including γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glutamine, and citrulline. However, the levels of these amino acids vary among different cantaloupe varieties grown in different locations. Understanding the variation in amino acid contents provides fundamentally important information for quality control and improving melon varieties. To examine this variation, we measured the amino acid contents in cantaloupes grown in six locations in the United States (Texas, Georgia, North Carolina, California, Indiana, and Arizona). Principal component analyses were applied to analyze the effect of growing location on the amino acid profiles in different varieties. The GABA content ranged from 1006.14 ± 64.77 to 3187.12 ± 64.96 µg/g and citrulline ranged from 92.65 ± 9.52 to 464.75 ± 34.97 µg/g depending on the variety and location. Total phenolic contents, α-amylase inhibition, and antioxidant activities were also measured. Tuscan type Da Vinci had significantly higher phenolic contents in Arizona (381.99 ± 16.21 µg/g) but had the lowest level when grown in California (224.56 ± 14.62 µg/g). Our analyses showed significant differences in amino acid levels, phenolics contents, and antioxidant activity in the cantaloupe varieties based on the growing location. These findings underline the importance of considering growing location in the selection and improvement of cantaloupe varieties. View Full-Text
Keywords: cantaloupe; amino acid; growing location; GABA; citrulline cantaloupe; amino acid; growing location; GABA; citrulline
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MDPI and ACS Style

Singh, J.; Metrani, R.; Jayaprakasha, G.K.; Crosby, K.M.; Ravishankar, S.; Patil, B.S. Multivariate Analysis of Amino Acids and Health Beneficial Properties of Cantaloupe Varieties Grown in Six Locations in the United States. Plants 2020, 9, 1058. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9091058

AMA Style

Singh J, Metrani R, Jayaprakasha GK, Crosby KM, Ravishankar S, Patil BS. Multivariate Analysis of Amino Acids and Health Beneficial Properties of Cantaloupe Varieties Grown in Six Locations in the United States. Plants. 2020; 9(9):1058. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9091058

Chicago/Turabian Style

Singh, Jashbir, Rita Metrani, Guddadarangavvanahally K. Jayaprakasha, Kevin M. Crosby, Sadhana Ravishankar, and Bhimanagouda S. Patil. 2020. "Multivariate Analysis of Amino Acids and Health Beneficial Properties of Cantaloupe Varieties Grown in Six Locations in the United States" Plants 9, no. 9: 1058. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9091058

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