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Open AccessArticle

Quantitative Ethnobotanical Study of Indigenous Knowledge on Medicinal Plants Used by the Tribal Communities of Gokand Valley, District Buner, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

1
Department of Botany, University of Peshawar, Peshawar 25000, KP, Pakistan
2
Department of Ethnobotany, Institute of Botany, Ilia State University, Tbilisi 0105, Georgia
3
College of Life Science, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China
4
School of Computational Science Korea Institute for Advanced Study (KIAS), 85 Hoegiro Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 02455, Korea
5
Department of Botany, Govt. Post Graduate College, Parachinar 26000, KP, Pakistan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(8), 1001; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9081001
Received: 8 June 2020 / Revised: 30 July 2020 / Accepted: 2 August 2020 / Published: 6 August 2020
The current study on the traditional use of medicinal plants was carried out from February 2018 to March 2020, in Gokand Valley, District Buner, Pakistan. The goal was to collect, interpret, and evaluate data on the application of medicinal plants. Along with comprehensive notes on individual plants species, we calculated Use Value (UV), Relative Frequency of Citation (RFC), Use Report (UR), Fidelity Level (FL), Informant Consensus Factor (FCI), as well as Family Importance Value (FIV). During the current study, a total of 109 species belonging to 64 families were reported to be used in the treatment of various ailments. It included three families (four species) of Pteridophytes, 58 families (99 species) of angiosperm, one family (three species) of Gymnosperms, and two families (three species) of fungi. The article highlights the significance of domestic consumption of plant resources to treat human ailments. The UV varied from 0.2 (Acorus calamus L.) to 0.89 (Acacia modesta Wall.). The RFC ranged from 0.059 (Acorus calamus L. and Convolvulus arvensis L.) to 0.285 (Acacia modesta Wall.). The species with 100% FL were Acacia modesta Wall. and the fungus Morchella esculenta Fr., while the FCI was documented from 0 to 0.45 for gastro-intestinal disorders. The conservation ranks of the medicinal plant species revealed that 28 plant species were vulnerable, followed by rare (25 spp.), infrequent (17 spp.), dominant (16 spp.), and 10 species endangered. The traditional use of plants needs conservation strategies and further investigation for better utilization of natural resources.
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Keywords: quantitative study; ethnobotanical; indigenous; conservation; Gokand; Pakistan quantitative study; ethnobotanical; indigenous; conservation; Gokand; Pakistan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sulaiman; Shah, S.; Khan, S.; Bussmann, R.W.; Ali, M.; Hussain, D.; Hussain, W. Quantitative Ethnobotanical Study of Indigenous Knowledge on Medicinal Plants Used by the Tribal Communities of Gokand Valley, District Buner, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Plants 2020, 9, 1001.

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