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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Colonization on Cadmium-Mediated Oxidative Stress in Glycine max (L.) Merr.

1
Facultad de Química, Bioquímica y Farmacia (FQByF), Universidad Nacional de San Luis (UNSL), Área Química Biológica, Ejército de los Andes 950, Bloque I, 1er Piso, San Luis, Argentina
2
IMIBIO-CONICET-FQByF-UNSL, Área Ecología, Ejército de los Andes 950, Bloque I, 2do Piso, Box 4 San Luis, Argentina
3
Instituto de Patología Vegetal (IPAVE, CIAP-INTA), CONICET, Camino 60 Cuadras Km. 5,5, C.P. 5119 Córdoba, Argentina
4
Facultas de Ingeniería y Ciencias Agropecuarias (FICA)-UNSL, Área Matemática, Campus Universitario, Ruta 148 Ext. Norte, 2do Piso Ala Este, Villa Mercedes, San Luis, Argentina
5
Estación Experimental del Zaidín, CSIC, Profesor Albareda 1, 18008 Granada, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(1), 108; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9010108
Received: 30 November 2019 / Revised: 11 January 2020 / Accepted: 13 January 2020 / Published: 15 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Contribution of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis to Plant Growth)
Cadmium is a heavy metal (HM) that inhibits plant growth and leads to death, causing great losses in yields, especially in Cd hyperaccumulator crops such as Glycine max (L.) Merr. (soybean), a worldwide economically important legume. Furthermore, Cd incorporation into the food chain is a health hazard. Oxidative stress (OS) is a plant response to abiotic and biotic stresses with an intracellular burst of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that causes damage to lipids, proteins, and DNA. The arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal (AMF) association is a plant strategy to cope with HM and to alleviate OS. Our aim was to evaluate the mitigation effects of mycorrhization with AMF Rhizophagus intraradices on soybean growth, nutrients, Cd accumulation, lipid peroxidation, and the activity of different antioxidant agents under Cd (0.7–1.2 mg kg−1 bioavailable Cd) induced OS. Our results suggest that glutathione may act as a signal molecule in a defense response to Cd-induced OS, and mycorrhization may avoid Cd-induced growth inhibition and reduce Cd accumulation in roots. It is discussed that R. intraradices mycorrhization would act as a signal, promoting the generation of a soybean cross tolerance response to Cd pollution, therefore evidencing the potential of this AMF association for bioremediation and encouragement of crop development, particularly because it is an interaction between a worldwide cultivated Cd hyperaccumulator plant and an AMF–HM–accumulator commonly present in soils.
Keywords: glutathione; heavy metal toxicity; mycorrhization; non-protein thiols; plan antioxidant defenses; Rhizophagus intraradices; soybean glutathione; heavy metal toxicity; mycorrhization; non-protein thiols; plan antioxidant defenses; Rhizophagus intraradices; soybean
MDPI and ACS Style

Molina, A.S.; Lugo, M.A.; Pérez Chaca, M.V.; Vargas-Gil, S.; Zirulnik, F.; Leporati, J.; Ferrol, N.; Azcón-Aguilar, C. Effect of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Colonization on Cadmium-Mediated Oxidative Stress in Glycine max (L.) Merr.. Plants 2020, 9, 108.

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