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Exploring the Characteristics of an Intra-Urban Bus Service Network: A Case Study of Shenzhen, China

by Xiping Yang 1,2,3, Shiwei Lu 4,5,6,*, Weifeng Zhao 7 and Zhiyuan Zhao 8
1
School of Geography and Tourism, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China
2
Geomatics Technology and Application key Laboratory of Qinghai Province, Xining 810001, China
3
Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Tourism Informatics, Xi’an 710119, China
4
School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
5
Key Laboratory of Urban Land Resources Monitoring and Simulation, Ministry of Land and Resources of China, Shenzhen 518034, China
6
Beijing Key Laboratory of Urban Spatial Information Engineering, Beijing 100038, China
7
College of Geology Engineering and Geomantics, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710054, China
8
Academy of Digital China (Fujian) and Fujian Collaborative Innovation Center for Big Data Applications in Governments, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8(11), 486; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi8110486
Received: 15 August 2019 / Revised: 24 October 2019 / Accepted: 28 October 2019 / Published: 29 October 2019
The urban bus service system is one of the most important components of a public transport system. Thus, exploring the spatial configuration of the urban bus service system promotes an understanding of the quality of bus services. Such an understanding is of great importance to urban transport planning and policy making. In this study, we investigated the spatial characteristics of an urban bus service system by using the complex network approach. First, a three-step workflow was developed to collect a bus operating dataset from a public website. Then, we utilized the P-space method to represent the bus service network by connecting all bus stop pairs along each bus line. With the constructed bus network, a set of network analysis indicators were calculated to quantify the role of nodes in the network. A case study of Shenzhen, China was implemented to understand the statistical properties and spatial characteristics of the urban bus network configuration. The empirical findings can provide insights into the statistical laws and distinct convenient areas in a bus service network, and consequently aid in optimizing the allocation of bus stops and routes. View Full-Text
Keywords: complex network; bus service system; spatial characteristic complex network; bus service system; spatial characteristic
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Yang, X.; Lu, S.; Zhao, W.; Zhao, Z. Exploring the Characteristics of an Intra-Urban Bus Service Network: A Case Study of Shenzhen, China. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8, 486.

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