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Open AccessArticle

The Governance Landscape of Geospatial E-Services—The Belgian Case

KU Leuven Public Governance Institute, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
School for Science and Technology, International Hellenic University, 57001 Thermi, Greece
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6(9), 282;
Received: 14 July 2017 / Revised: 9 August 2017 / Accepted: 21 August 2017 / Published: 7 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Geo-Information Tools for Governance)
PDF [306 KB, uploaded 7 September 2017]


Geospatial data and geospatial e-services require governance and coordination between different governmental organisations. This article aims to understand what governance, and specifically what coordination, is used in Belgium for geospatial e-services and data. The Belgian case, with a focus on the regions and federal administration, is researched by making use of a document analysis, interviews with key stakeholders and an online survey. In contrast to the federal and Walloon administration, the Flemish administration and the Brussels Capital Region administration have a clearly developed governance model. Flanders combines hierarchy with network governance, whereas the Brussels administration is known for its hierarchical way of working. The transposition of the INSPIRE Directive had a strong influence: The Brussels Capital Region became more network-oriented, and the Walloon Region developed a form of network governance. The federal level, however, struggles to make the connection between geospatial data and e-services. From an inter-organisational perspective, the coordination can be labelled as a weak form of network governance: Cooperation exists, but only in a few areas. Nevertheless, geospatial data are exchanged within and between regions and the federal level. Geospatial e-services are also developed but there is a clear influence of the degree of organisational coordination on the development of geospatial e-services. View Full-Text
Keywords: e-services; geospatial data; governance; coordination; Belgium e-services; geospatial data; governance; coordination; Belgium
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Chantillon, M.; Crompvoets, J.; Peristeras, V. The Governance Landscape of Geospatial E-Services—The Belgian Case. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6, 282.

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