Analyzing the Impact of Highways Associated with Farmland Loss under Rapid Urbanization
AbstractHighway construction has accelerated urban growth and induced direct and indirect changes to land use. Although many studies have analyzed the relationship between highway construction and local development, relatively less attention has been paid to clarifying the various impacts of highways associated with farmland loss. This paper integrates GIS spatial analysis, remote sensing, buffer analysis and landscape metrics to analyze the landscape pattern change induced by direct and indirect highway impacts. This paper explores the interaction between the impact of highways and farmland loss, using the case of the highly urbanized traffic hubs in eastern China, Hang-Jia-Hu Plain. Our results demonstrate that the Hang-Jia-Hu Plain experienced extensive highway construction during 1990–2010, with a clear acceleration of expressway development since 2000. This unprecedented highway construction has directly fragmented the regional landscape and indirectly disturbed the regional landscape by attracting a large amount of built-up land transition from farmland during the last two decades. In the highway-effect zone, serious farmland loss initially occurred in the urban region and then spread to the rural region. Moreover, we found the discontinuous expansion of built-up land scattered the farmland in the rural region and expressway-effect zone. Furthermore, farmland protection policies in the 1990s had the effect of controlling the total area of farmland loss. However, the cohesive farmland structure was still fragmented by the direct and indirect impacts of highway construction. We suggest that an overall farmland protection system should be established to enhance spatial control and mitigate the adverse impacts caused by highway construction. This work improves the understanding of regional sustainable development, and provides a scientific basis for balanced urban development with farmland protection in decision-making processes. View Full-Text
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Song, J.; Ye, J.; Zhu, E.; Deng, J.; Wang, K. Analyzing the Impact of Highways Associated with Farmland Loss under Rapid Urbanization. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2016, 5, 94.
Song J, Ye J, Zhu E, Deng J, Wang K. Analyzing the Impact of Highways Associated with Farmland Loss under Rapid Urbanization. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2016; 5(6):94.Chicago/Turabian Style
Song, Jie; Ye, Jintian; Zhu, Enyan; Deng, Jinsong; Wang, Ke. 2016. "Analyzing the Impact of Highways Associated with Farmland Loss under Rapid Urbanization." ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 5, no. 6: 94.
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