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Open AccessArticle

Association of Multiple Sclerosis Phenotypes with Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of IL7R, LAG3, and CD40 Genes in a Jordanian Population: A Genotype-Phenotype Study

1
Department of Applied Biological Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan
2
Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan
3
Department of Neuroscience, Division of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomolecules 2020, 10(3), 356; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10030356
Received: 7 December 2019 / Revised: 17 February 2020 / Accepted: 20 February 2020 / Published: 26 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Basis of Autoimmunity Diseases)
It is thought that genetic variations play a vital role in the Multiple Sclerosis (MS) etiology. However, the role of genetic factors that influence the clinical features of MS remains unclear. We investigated the correlation between 21 single nucleotide polymorphisms within three genes (IL7R, LAG3, and CD40) and MS clinical characteristics in the Jordanian population. Blood samples and clinical phenotypic data were collected from 218 Arab Jordanian MS patients, vitamin D was measured, genomic DNA was extracted, and genotyping of the candidate genes’ polymorphisms were analyzed using the Sequenom MassARRAY® system. The association of these single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with MS was performed using a Chi-square, Fisher exact test, and one-way ANOVA. We found a significant association between vitamin D deficiency and three SNPs of the IL7R gene, namely rs987107 (P-value = 0.047), rs3194051 (P-value = 0.03), and rs1494571 (P-value = 0.036), in addition to two SNPs of CD40, namely rs1883832 and rs6074022 (P-value = 0.049 for both). rs3194051 of the IL7R gene (P-value = 0.003) and rs1922452 of the LAG3 gene (P-value = 0.028) were strongly associated with comorbidity. The number of relapses before drug onset was found to be correlated with IL7R SNPs rs969128 (P-value = 0.04) and rs1494555 (P-value = 0.027), whereas the expanded disability status scale (EDSS) was associated with rs1494555 polymorphism of IL7R gene (P-value = 0.026). Current findings indicate important correlations between certain SNPs and the risk of various phenotypes of multiple sclerosis in the Jordanian community. Therefore, this will not only contribute to the understanding of MS, but will also assist with the development of personalized treatment procedures. View Full-Text
Keywords: multiple sclerosis; phenotype; IL7R; LAG3; CD40; Jordan multiple sclerosis; phenotype; IL7R; LAG3; CD40; Jordan
MDPI and ACS Style

AL-Eitan, L.; Al Qudah, M.; Al Qawasmeh, M. Association of Multiple Sclerosis Phenotypes with Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of IL7R, LAG3, and CD40 Genes in a Jordanian Population: A Genotype-Phenotype Study. Biomolecules 2020, 10, 356.

AMA Style

AL-Eitan L, Al Qudah M, Al Qawasmeh M. Association of Multiple Sclerosis Phenotypes with Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of IL7R, LAG3, and CD40 Genes in a Jordanian Population: A Genotype-Phenotype Study. Biomolecules. 2020; 10(3):356.

Chicago/Turabian Style

AL-Eitan, Laith; Al Qudah, Malak; Al Qawasmeh, Majdi. 2020. "Association of Multiple Sclerosis Phenotypes with Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of IL7R, LAG3, and CD40 Genes in a Jordanian Population: A Genotype-Phenotype Study" Biomolecules 10, no. 3: 356.

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