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Energy Considerations of Classical Electromagnetic Zero-Point Radiation and a Specific Probability Calculation in Stochastic Electrodynamics

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Atoms 2019, 7(2), 50; https://doi.org/10.3390/atoms7020050
Received: 16 February 2019 / Revised: 16 March 2019 / Accepted: 1 April 2019 / Published: 21 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Stochastic Electrodynamics)
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PDF [274 KB, uploaded 21 May 2019]

Abstract

The zero-point (ZP) radiation field in stochastic electrodynamics (SED) is considered to be formally infinite, or perhaps bounded by mechanisms yet to be revealed someday. A similar situation holds in quantum electrodynamics (QED), although there the ZP field is considered to be “virtual”. The first part of this article addresses the concern by some about the related disturbing concept of “extracting energy” from this formally, enormous source of energy. The second part of this article introduces a new method for calculating probabilities of fields in SED, which can be extended to linear oscillators in SED. View Full-Text
Keywords: stochastic electrodynamics; simulation; classical; hydrogen; nonlinear stochastic electrodynamics; simulation; classical; hydrogen; nonlinear
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Cole, D.C. Energy Considerations of Classical Electromagnetic Zero-Point Radiation and a Specific Probability Calculation in Stochastic Electrodynamics. Atoms 2019, 7, 50.

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