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Metabolite Changes during Postharvest Storage: Effects on Fruit Quality Traits

Departamento de Biología Molecular y Bioquímica, Instituto de Hortofruticultura Subtropical y Mediterránea “La Mayora”, Universidad de Málaga-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Campus de Teatinos, 29071 Málaga, Spain
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Max-Planck-Institut für Molekulare Pflanzenphysiologie, 14476 Potsdam-Golm, Germany.
Metabolites 2020, 10(5), 187; https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo10050187
Received: 14 April 2020 / Accepted: 6 May 2020 / Published: 8 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fruit Metabolism and Metabolomics)
Metabolic changes occurring in ripe or senescent fruits during postharvest storage lead to a general deterioration in quality attributes, including decreased flavor and ‘off-aroma’ compound generation. As a consequence, measures to reduce economic losses have to be taken by the fruit industry and have mostly consisted of storage at cold temperatures and the use of controlled atmospheres or ripening inhibitors. However, the biochemical pathways and molecular mechanisms underlying fruit senescence in commercial storage conditions are still poorly understood. In this sense, metabolomic platforms, enabling the profiling of key metabolites responsible for organoleptic and health-promoting traits, such as volatiles, sugars, acids, polyphenols and carotenoids, can be a powerful tool for further understanding the biochemical basis of postharvest physiology and have the potential to play a critical role in the identification of the pathways affected by fruit senescence. Here, we provide an overview of the metabolic changes during postharvest storage, with special attention to key metabolites related to fruit quality. The potential use of metabolomic approaches to yield metabolic markers useful for chemical phenotyping or even storage and marketing decisions is highlighted. View Full-Text
Keywords: fruit; postharvest; metabolomics; quality traits; stress; biomarkers fruit; postharvest; metabolomics; quality traits; stress; biomarkers
MDPI and ACS Style

Pott, D.M.; Vallarino, J.G.; Osorio, S. Metabolite Changes during Postharvest Storage: Effects on Fruit Quality Traits. Metabolites 2020, 10, 187. https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo10050187

AMA Style

Pott DM, Vallarino JG, Osorio S. Metabolite Changes during Postharvest Storage: Effects on Fruit Quality Traits. Metabolites. 2020; 10(5):187. https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo10050187

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pott, Delphine M.; Vallarino, José G.; Osorio, Sonia. 2020. "Metabolite Changes during Postharvest Storage: Effects on Fruit Quality Traits" Metabolites 10, no. 5: 187. https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo10050187

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