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Improving Deep Learning-Based UWB LOS/NLOS Identification with Transfer Learning: An Empirical Approach

1
Department of AI Convergence Network, Ajou University, Suwon 16499, Korea
2
Department of Software and Computer Engineering, Ajou University, Suwon 16499, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2020, 9(10), 1714; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9101714
Received: 20 September 2020 / Revised: 13 October 2020 / Accepted: 15 October 2020 / Published: 18 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue AI Applications in IoT and Mobile Wireless Networks)
This paper presents an improved ultra-wideband (UWB) line of sight (LOS)/non-line of sight (NLOS) identification scheme based on a hybrid method of deep learning and transfer learning. Previous studies have limitations, in that the classification accuracy significantly decreases in an unknown place. To solve this problem, we propose a transfer learning-based NLOS identification method for classifying the NLOS conditions of the UWB signal in an unmeasured environment. Both the multilayer perceptron and convolutional neural network (CNN) are introduced as classifiers for NLOS conditions. We evaluate the proposed scheme by conducting experiments in both measured and unmeasured environments. Channel data were measured using a Decawave EVK1000 in two similar indoor office environments. In the unmeasured environment, the existing CNN method showed an accuracy of approximately 44%, but when the proposed scheme was applied to the CNN, it showed an accuracy of up to 98%. The training time of the proposed scheme was measured to be approximately 48 times faster than that of the existing CNN. When comparing the proposed scheme with learning a new CNN in an unmeasured environment, the proposed scheme demonstrated an approximately 10% higher accuracy and approximately five times faster training time. View Full-Text
Keywords: ultra-wideband (UWB); deep learning; transfer learning; non-line-of-sight (NLOS); wireless channel; spatial awareness ultra-wideband (UWB); deep learning; transfer learning; non-line-of-sight (NLOS); wireless channel; spatial awareness
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Park, J.; Nam, S.; Choi, H.; Ko, Y.; Ko, Y.-B. Improving Deep Learning-Based UWB LOS/NLOS Identification with Transfer Learning: An Empirical Approach. Electronics 2020, 9, 1714.

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