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Open AccessArticle

Video Streaming in Urban Vehicular Environments: Junction-Aware Multipath Approach

1
Faculty of Computing, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia
2
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Bauchi State University Gadau, Bauchi State 751105, Nigeria
3
College of Information Technology, UAE University, Al Ain 15551, UAE
4
School of Computer & Systems Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110067, India
5
School of Computer Science, FEIT, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney 2007, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2019, 8(11), 1239; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8111239
Received: 1 July 2019 / Revised: 6 October 2019 / Accepted: 7 October 2019 / Published: 30 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vehicular Networks and Communications)
In multipath video streaming transmission, the selection of the best vehicle for video packet forwarding considering the junction area is a challenging task due to the several diversions in the junction area. The vehicles in the junction area change direction based on the different diversions, which lead to video packet drop. In the existing works, the explicit consideration of different positions in the junction areas has not been considered for forwarding vehicle selection. To address the aforementioned challenges, a Junction-Aware vehicle selection for Multipath Video Streaming (JA-MVS) scheme has been proposed. The JA-MVS scheme considers three different cases in the junction area including the vehicle after the junction, before the junction and inside the junction area, with an evaluation of the vehicle signal strength based on the signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR), which is based on the multipath data forwarding concept using greedy-based geographic routing. The performance of the proposed scheme is evaluated based on the Packet Loss Ratio (PLR), Structural Similarity Index (SSIM) and End-to-End Delay (E2ED) metrics. The JA-MVS is compared against two baseline schemes, Junction-Based Multipath Source Routing (JMSR) and the Adaptive Multipath geographic routing for Video Transmission (AMVT), in urban Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks (VANETs). View Full-Text
Keywords: junction-aware; VANETs; multimedia; video streaming; multipath; vehicular network; next forwarding vehicle; vehicle selection junction-aware; VANETs; multimedia; video streaming; multipath; vehicular network; next forwarding vehicle; vehicle selection
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Aliyu, A.; El-Sayed, H.; Abdullah, A.H.; Alam, I.; Li, J.; Prasad, M. Video Streaming in Urban Vehicular Environments: Junction-Aware Multipath Approach. Electronics 2019, 8, 1239.

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