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Open AccessArticle

Impact of Aging on Three-Dimensional Facial Verification

Université Paris-Est, LISSI, UPEC, 94400 Vitry sur Seine, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2019, 8(10), 1170;
Received: 27 September 2019 / Revised: 9 October 2019 / Accepted: 13 October 2019 / Published: 15 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Biometrics and its Applications)
Age progression is associated with poor performance of verification systems. Thus, there is a need for further research to overcome this problem. Three-dimensional facial aging modeling for employment in verification systems is highly serviceable, and able to acknowledge how variations in depth and pose can provide additional information to accurately represent faces. In this article, the impact of aging on the performance of three-dimensional facial verification is studied. For this purpose, we employed three-dimensional (3D) faces obtained from a 3D morphable face aging model (3D F-FAM). The proposed 3D F-FAM was able to simulate the facial appearance of a young adult in the future. A performance evaluation was completed based on three metrics: structural texture quality, mesh geometric distortion and morphometric landmark distances. The collection of 500 textured meshes from 145 subjects, which were used to construct our own database called FaceTim V.2.0, was applied in performance evaluation. The experimental results demonstrated that the proposed model produced satisfying results and could be applicable in 3D facial verification systems. Furthermore, the verification rates proved that the 3D faces achieved from the proposed model enhanced the performance of the 3D verification process. View Full-Text
Keywords: facial verification; 3D facial modeling; facial aging simulation; biometrics; impact of aging; forensics facial verification; 3D facial modeling; facial aging simulation; biometrics; impact of aging; forensics
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Heravi, F.M.Z.; Farazdaghi, E.; Fournier, R.; Nait-ali, A. Impact of Aging on Three-Dimensional Facial Verification. Electronics 2019, 8, 1170.

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