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Electronics 2019, 8(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8010011

Meander Microwave Bandpass Filter on a Flexible Textile Substrate

Department of Electronic Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, 08222 Terrassa, Barcelona, Spain
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Received: 16 November 2018 / Revised: 5 December 2018 / Accepted: 18 December 2018 / Published: 21 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Flexible/Stretchable Electronics)
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Abstract

This paper presents an alternative process to fabricate flexible bandpass filters by using an embroidered yarn conductor on an electronic textile. The novelty of the proposed miniaturized filter is its complete integration on the outfit, with benefits in terms of compressibility, stretchability, and high geometrical accuracy opening the way to develop textile filters for wearable applications in sport and medicine. The proposed design consists of a fully embroidered microstrip topology with a length equal to quarter wavelength (λ/4) to develop a bandpass filter frequency response. A drastic reduction in the size of the filter was achieved by taking advantage of a simplified architecture based on meandered-line stepped impedance resonator. The e-textile microstrip filter was designed, simulated, fabricated, and measured with experimental validation at a 7.58 GHz frequency. The insertion loss obtained by simulation of the filter was substantially small. The return loss was greater than 20 dB for bands. To explore the relations between the physical parameters and filter performance characteristics, a theoretical equivalent circuit model of the filter constituent components was studied. The bending effect of the e-textile filter was also studied. The results showed that by raising the radius of bending to 40 mm, the resonance frequency was raised to 4.25 MHz/mm. View Full-Text
Keywords: band-pass filter; e-textile; stepped impedance resonator; meandered resonator band-pass filter; e-textile; stepped impedance resonator; meandered resonator
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Moradi, B.; Fernández-García, R.; Gil, I. Meander Microwave Bandpass Filter on a Flexible Textile Substrate. Electronics 2019, 8, 11.

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