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Article

Comparison of Different Design Alternatives for Hardware-in-the-Loop of Power Converters

HCTLab Research Group, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Miro Milanovic, Enric Vidal Idiarte and Eric Monmasson
Electronics 2021, 10(8), 926; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10080926
Received: 15 March 2021 / Revised: 5 April 2021 / Accepted: 8 April 2021 / Published: 13 April 2021
This paper aims to compare different design alternatives of hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) for emulating power converters in Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs). It proposes various numerical formats (fixed and floating-point) and different approaches (pure VHSIC Hardware Description Language (VHDL), Intellectual Properties (IPs), automated MATLAB HDL code, and High-Level Synthesis (HLS)) to design power converters. Although the proposed models are simple power electronics HIL systems, the idea can be extended to any HIL system. This study compares the design effort of different coding methods and numerical formats considering possible synthesis tools (Precision and Vivado), and it comprises an analytical discussion in terms of area and speed. The different models are synthesized as ad-hoc modules in general-purpose FPGAs, but also using the NI myRIO device as an example of a commercial tool capable of implementing HIL models. The comparison confirms that the optimum design alternative must be chosen based on the application (complexity, frequency, etc.) and designers’ constraints, such as available area, coding expertise, and design effort. View Full-Text
Keywords: real time systems; field programmable gate arrays; power electronics; emulation; high-level synthesis; digital circuits real time systems; field programmable gate arrays; power electronics; emulation; high-level synthesis; digital circuits
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zamiri, E.; Sanchez, A.; Yushkova, M.; Martínez-García, M.S.; de Castro, A. Comparison of Different Design Alternatives for Hardware-in-the-Loop of Power Converters. Electronics 2021, 10, 926. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10080926

AMA Style

Zamiri E, Sanchez A, Yushkova M, Martínez-García MS, de Castro A. Comparison of Different Design Alternatives for Hardware-in-the-Loop of Power Converters. Electronics. 2021; 10(8):926. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10080926

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zamiri, Elyas, Alberto Sanchez, Marina Yushkova, Maria Sofia Martínez-García, and Angel de Castro. 2021. "Comparison of Different Design Alternatives for Hardware-in-the-Loop of Power Converters" Electronics 10, no. 8: 926. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10080926

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