An Analysis of Stormwater Management Variants in Urban Catchments
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Case Study
2.2. Storm Water Management Model (SWMM)
2.3. Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (RETENTION SEWAGE CANAL)
Conflicts of Interest
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|Road, pavement and other impervious||9.60||20.70|
|Length of links||19.36 m||97.40 m|
|Total length of links||3769.70 m|
|Slope of links|
Diameter of links
|Drainage system capacity||1515.76 m3|
|Berm height||80 mm|
|Vegetation volume fraction||0.1 (volume fraction)|
|Surface roughness (Manning n)||0.052 m −1/3s|
|Porosity||0.33 (volume fraction)|
|Field capacity||0.24 (volume fraction)|
|Wilting point||0.15 (volume fraction)|
|Suction head||5 mm/h|
|I||-Minimal demand for built-up space, especially on the land surface.|
-High resistance to adverse soil and water conditions.
-No requirements regarding the quality of transported stormwater.
-Can be used in areas with different buildings
-Possibility of using trenchless methods during the investment.
|-Lack of utilization of retention capabilities of active channels in these systems.|
-Adverse hydrograph of rainwater runoff from the system (cumulative peak rainfall discharges to the receiver).
-The entire volume of rainwater transported by the system is discharged outside the drainage basin.
-Deterioration of the receiver’s water quality by introducing impurities contained in rainwater.
|II||-Ability to temporarily rainwater retention.|
Possibility of interoperability of LID devices with other drainage infrastructure.
-Limiting the volume of stormwater discharged outside the drainage basin.
-Improvement of soil and water conditions in the catchment area.
-Imitation of natural hydrological processes before urbanization.
-Possibility of rainwater supply by existing traditional sewage systems.
-Possibility of cooperation of various LID objects within the drained drainage basin.
-Improving the diversity of urban ecosystems, including providing new habitats for a wider range of organisms.
-Recreation space and improvement of the utility value of a district or urban areas.
|-Frequent necessity of pre-treatment of rainwater before it is fed to soil infiltration devices.|
-The need for periodic maintenance of LID devices.
-Dependence on soil and water conditions
-Dependence on area availability.
-A significant share of the required area of LID facilities in relation to the drained drainage basin.
-Often possible high investments.
|III||-All benefits of Variant I.|
-Using the retention possibilities of existing drainage systems.
-A favorable hydrograph of rainwater outflow from the system (low and constant rainfall outflow intensity).
- The possibility of applying various LID objects to the drainage system.
|-The entire volume of rainwater transported by the system is discharged outside the drainage basin.|
-Reduction of the load per unit load of the receiver’s water pollution.
-Deterioration of the receiver’s water quality by introducing impurities contained in rainwater.
-Dependence of the retention capacity of the drainage system on the average bottom of its ducts, equipped with retention canals.
|IV||- Benefits of Variants II and III.|
- The maximum possible reduction of the peak outflow from the drained drainage basin.
- The possibility of limiting the use of LID facilities in places where their operation is expensive and/or difficult to implement.
- Limitation of the required geometry of drainage system, especially in areas with permeable soils.
|-Frequent necessity of pre-treatment of rainwater supplied to devices before infiltration into the ground.|
-Periodic maintenance of LID devices is required.
-Dependence on soil and water conditions for LID facilities.
-Dependence on the availability of land for the construction of LID facilities.
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Starzec, M.; Dziopak, J.; Słyś, D. An Analysis of Stormwater Management Variants in Urban Catchments. Resources 2020, 9, 19. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources9020019
Starzec M, Dziopak J, Słyś D. An Analysis of Stormwater Management Variants in Urban Catchments. Resources. 2020; 9(2):19. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources9020019Chicago/Turabian Style
Starzec, Mariusz, Józef Dziopak, and Daniel Słyś. 2020. "An Analysis of Stormwater Management Variants in Urban Catchments" Resources 9, no. 2: 19. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources9020019