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Resources 2018, 7(3), 42; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources7030042

Agent-Based Model for End-of-Life Product Flow Analysis

Département de Mathématiques et Génie Industriel, École Polytechnique de Montréal, 2900 Boulevard Edouard-Montpetit, Montréal, QC H3T 1J4, Canada
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Received: 1 June 2018 / Revised: 4 July 2018 / Accepted: 6 July 2018 / Published: 12 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Renewable Resources, Clean Resources, Future Resources)
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Abstract

This paper presents an agent-based simulation model for end-of-life product flow analysis in recuperation and recycling supply networks that focuses on individual consumer behaviors. The simulation model is applied to a deposit-return program on wine bottles that could be developed in the province of Quebec. Canadian data was used to calibrate and validate the model. A series of experiments was then conducted with three artificial populations to analyse how they would react to several implementation scenarios of this end-of-life product flow strategy. The results suggest that the distance to the nearest depot is an important decision factor, but less predominant than the ownership of a private vehicle and the deposit value. The results also indicate that the use of agent-based modeling combined with the theory of planned behavior (TPB) can produce modular behavior models, that are intuitive and simple, to better understand consumer-behavior-driven supply chains. Such models can be used to give insights to decision-makers and policy-makers about the potential performance of end-of-life product flows strategies and further facilitate efficient resource management. View Full-Text
Keywords: municipal solid waste; consumer behavior; agent-based modeling; simulation; deposit-return program; end-of-life product flow; recycling municipal solid waste; consumer behavior; agent-based modeling; simulation; deposit-return program; end-of-life product flow; recycling
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Labelle, A.; Frayret, J.-M. Agent-Based Model for End-of-Life Product Flow Analysis. Resources 2018, 7, 42.

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