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Systems 2019, 7(1), 14;

Energy Security within Malaysia’s Water-Energy-Food Nexus—A Systems Approach

Department of Mechanical, Materials, and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Nottingham Malaysia, Semenyih 43500, Selangor, Malaysia
Faculty of Transdisciplinary Innovation, University of Technology Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 January 2019 / Revised: 4 March 2019 / Accepted: 5 March 2019 / Published: 9 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection System Dynamics)
PDF [9912 KB, uploaded 14 March 2019]


While knowledge of energy security has been thorough and elaborate, understanding energy security within the context of the water-energy-food nexus, where substantial inter-sectoral causes and effects exist, is less established, more so for Malaysia. This paper investigates the impact of two energy scenarios on identified key indicators within the context of the water-energy-food nexus. By utilizing a mixed method of qualitative interview and quantitative system dynamics modelling, representative causal loop diagrams and stock-flow diagrams were constructed to predict and allow for the analysis of behaviors of selected key indicators. Key findings include the importance of allowing a reasonable penetration of 20% renewable energy for the long term, and having a proper consideration for nuclear energy to assist in keeping energy costs low for the mid-term. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy; water-energy-food; nexus; system dynamics; Malaysia; sustainability energy; water-energy-food; nexus; system dynamics; Malaysia; sustainability

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Tan, A.H.P.; Yap, E.H. Energy Security within Malaysia’s Water-Energy-Food Nexus—A Systems Approach. Systems 2019, 7, 14.

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