Next Article in Journal
Developing a Systematic Diagnostic Model for Integrated Agricultural Supply and Processing Systems
Previous Article in Journal
Gamification of Enterprise Systems
Previous Article in Special Issue
Regulatory Limits to Corporate Sustainability: How Climate Change Law and Energy Reforms in Mexico May Impair Sustainability Practices in Mexican Firms
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Systems 2019, 7(1), 14; https://doi.org/10.3390/systems7010014

Energy Security within Malaysia’s Water-Energy-Food Nexus—A Systems Approach

1
Department of Mechanical, Materials, and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Nottingham Malaysia, Semenyih 43500, Selangor, Malaysia
2
Faculty of Transdisciplinary Innovation, University of Technology Sydney, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 January 2019 / Revised: 4 March 2019 / Accepted: 5 March 2019 / Published: 9 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection System Dynamics)
  |  
PDF [9912 KB, uploaded 14 March 2019]
  |  

Abstract

While knowledge of energy security has been thorough and elaborate, understanding energy security within the context of the water-energy-food nexus, where substantial inter-sectoral causes and effects exist, is less established, more so for Malaysia. This paper investigates the impact of two energy scenarios on identified key indicators within the context of the water-energy-food nexus. By utilizing a mixed method of qualitative interview and quantitative system dynamics modelling, representative causal loop diagrams and stock-flow diagrams were constructed to predict and allow for the analysis of behaviors of selected key indicators. Key findings include the importance of allowing a reasonable penetration of 20% renewable energy for the long term, and having a proper consideration for nuclear energy to assist in keeping energy costs low for the mid-term. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy; water-energy-food; nexus; system dynamics; Malaysia; sustainability energy; water-energy-food; nexus; system dynamics; Malaysia; sustainability
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Tan, A.H.P.; Yap, E.H. Energy Security within Malaysia’s Water-Energy-Food Nexus—A Systems Approach. Systems 2019, 7, 14.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Systems EISSN 2079-8954 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top