Next Article in Journal
Antiviral Activity of Rosa damascena Mill. and Rosa alba L. Essential Oils against the Multiplication of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 Strains Sensitive and Resistant to Acyclovir
Next Article in Special Issue
Engineering Multigenerational Host-Modulated Microbiota against Soilborne Pathogens in Response to Global Climate Change
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of Housing Conditions on Cortisol and Body Fat Levels in Female Rhesus Macaques
Previous Article in Special Issue
Growth Forms and Functional Guilds Distribution of Soil Fungi in Coastal Versus Inland Sites of Victoria Land, Antarctica
 
 
Article

New Species of Talaromyces (Fungi) Isolated from Soil in Southwestern China

1
School of Agriculture, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Fabiana Canini and Laura Zucconi
Biology 2021, 10(8), 745; https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10080745
Received: 5 July 2021 / Revised: 30 July 2021 / Accepted: 1 August 2021 / Published: 4 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diversity of Soil Fungal Communities)
Talaromyces species are distributed all around the world and occur in various environments, e.g., soil, air, living or rotten plants, and indoors. Some of them produce enzymes and pigments of industrial importance, while some cause Talaromycosis. Talaromyces marneffei, a well-known and important human pathogen, is endemic to Southeast Asia and causes high mortality, especially in HIV/AIDS patients and those with other immunodeficiencies. China covers 3 of the 35 global biodiversity hotspots. During the explorations of fungal diversity in soil samples collected at different sites of southwestern China, two new Talaromyces species, T. chongqingensis X.C. Wang and W.Y. Zhuang and T. wushanicus X.C. Wang and W.Y. Zhuang, were discovered based on phylogenetic analyses and morphological comparisons. They are described and illustrated in detail. Six phylogenetic trees of the sections Talaromyces and Trachyspermi were constructed based on three-gene datasets and revealed the phylogenetic positions of the new species. This work provided a better understanding of biodiversity and phylogeny of the genus. The results make the concepts of the two sections of Talaromyces well-established. The discovery will be beneficial for future evaluation of the potential usages and functions of the new species.
Southwestern China belongs among the global biodiversity hotspots and the Daba Mountains are recognized as one of the priority conservation areas. During the exploration of fungal biodiversity from soil samples collected from Mount Daba, two species of Talaromyces were discovered as new to science based on phylogenetic analyses and morphological comparisons. Talaromyces chongqingensis sp. nov. is a sister taxon of T. minioluteus and T. minnesotensis in the section Trachyspermi; and T. wushanicus sp. nov., affiliated to the section Talaromyces, is closely related to T. cnidii and T. siamensis. The new species differ from their sisters in DNA sequences, growth rates, and morphological characteristics. Descriptions and illustrations of them are provided in detail. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ascomycota; biodiversity hotspot; DNA barcodes; Eurotiales; phylogeny; taxonomy; Trichocomaceae Ascomycota; biodiversity hotspot; DNA barcodes; Eurotiales; phylogeny; taxonomy; Trichocomaceae
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Z.-K.; Wang, X.-C.; Zhuang, W.-Y.; Cheng, X.-H.; Zhao, P. New Species of Talaromyces (Fungi) Isolated from Soil in Southwestern China. Biology 2021, 10, 745. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10080745

AMA Style

Zhang Z-K, Wang X-C, Zhuang W-Y, Cheng X-H, Zhao P. New Species of Talaromyces (Fungi) Isolated from Soil in Southwestern China. Biology. 2021; 10(8):745. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10080745

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Zhi-Kang, Xin-Cun Wang, Wen-Ying Zhuang, Xian-Hao Cheng, and Peng Zhao. 2021. "New Species of Talaromyces (Fungi) Isolated from Soil in Southwestern China" Biology 10, no. 8: 745. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10080745

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop