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Article

The Effects of Exercise Order on the Psychophysiological Responses, Physical and Technical Performances of Young Soccer Players: Combined Small-Sided Games and High-Intensity Interval Training

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Faculty of Sport Sciences, Tokat Gaziosmanpasa University, Tokat 60250, Turkey
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School of Physical Education and Sports, Tekirdag Namik Kemal University, Tekirdag 59030, Turkey
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Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Rua Escola Industrial e Comercial de Nun’Álvares, 4900-347 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
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Department of Physical Education and Sports, Middle East Technical University, Ankara 06800, Turkey
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Department of Physical Education and Special Motricity, University Transilvania of Brasov, 500068 Brasov, Romania
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Faculty of Sport Sciences, Ankara University, Ankara 06560, Turkey
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Physiology and Biochemistry Department, University School of Physical Education, 51-612 Wroclaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tetsuya Shiuchi
Biology 2021, 10(11), 1180; https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10111180
Received: 13 September 2021 / Revised: 10 November 2021 / Accepted: 11 November 2021 / Published: 15 November 2021
Small-sided games are very popular training methods, among other commonly used strategies, for enhancing the functional and sport-specific skills of young soccer players. In addition, high-intensity interval training has the potential to increase the aerobic capacity of youths. No study has compared the order effects of combined small-sided games and high-intensity interval training on the physical performances, psychophysiological responses, and technical skills of young soccer players. The results of this research show practical information that can help to design training programmes for youth soccer players.
This study aimed to compare the order effects of combined small-sided games (SSGs) and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on the psychophysiological responses and physical and technical performances of young soccer players. Twenty-four soccer players (aged 14.63 ± 0.71 years) were randomly divided into SSGs + HIIT (n = 12) and HIIT + SSGs (n = 12) for 6 weeks. The SSGs consisted of two 4–16 min rounds of 2, 3, and four-a-side games with 2 min of passive resting, whereas the HIIT consisted of 6–10 min of high-intensity runs at varying intensities (from 90 to 100%). Pre-test and post-test elements included a 5–30 m sprint test, countermovement jump test, zigzag agility test with the ball and without the ball, repeated sprint ability test, speed dribbling ability test, three-corner run test, and Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test level 1. Both combined training interventions produced similar improvements in physical performance and technical responses (p ≥ 0.05, d values ranging from 0.40 to 1.10). However, the combined HIIT + SSGs training produced meaningfully lower perceived exertion (p = 0.00, d = 2.98) and greater physical enjoyment (p = 0.00, d = 4.28) compared with the SSGs + HIIT intervention. Furthermore, the SSGs + HIIT group showed a higher training load than those from the HIIT + SSGs group for all weeks (p ≤ 0.05, d values ranging from 1.36 to 2.05). The present study’s results might be used by coaches and practitioners to design training programmes for youth soccer players. View Full-Text
Keywords: soccer; high-intensity; small-sided games; psychophysiological responses; combined training soccer; high-intensity; small-sided games; psychophysiological responses; combined training
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MDPI and ACS Style

Arslan, E.; Kilit, B.; Clemente, F.M.; Soylu, Y.; Sögüt, M.; Badicu, G.; Akca, F.; Gokkaya, M.; Murawska-Ciałowicz, E. The Effects of Exercise Order on the Psychophysiological Responses, Physical and Technical Performances of Young Soccer Players: Combined Small-Sided Games and High-Intensity Interval Training. Biology 2021, 10, 1180. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10111180

AMA Style

Arslan E, Kilit B, Clemente FM, Soylu Y, Sögüt M, Badicu G, Akca F, Gokkaya M, Murawska-Ciałowicz E. The Effects of Exercise Order on the Psychophysiological Responses, Physical and Technical Performances of Young Soccer Players: Combined Small-Sided Games and High-Intensity Interval Training. Biology. 2021; 10(11):1180. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10111180

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arslan, Ersan, Bulent Kilit, Filipe M. Clemente, Yusuf Soylu, Mustafa Sögüt, Georgian Badicu, Firat Akca, Mine Gokkaya, and Eugenia Murawska-Ciałowicz. 2021. "The Effects of Exercise Order on the Psychophysiological Responses, Physical and Technical Performances of Young Soccer Players: Combined Small-Sided Games and High-Intensity Interval Training" Biology 10, no. 11: 1180. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10111180

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