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Review

Utilization of Microbial Consortia as Biofertilizers and Biopesticides for the Production of Feasible Agricultural Product

Food Security and Safety Niche Area, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, North-West University, Mmabatho 2735, South Africa
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Academic Editors: Ana Alexandre and Kathrin Wippel
Biology 2021, 10(11), 1111; https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10111111
Received: 8 September 2021 / Revised: 5 October 2021 / Accepted: 12 October 2021 / Published: 28 October 2021
Recently in agriculture, the usage of chemical pesticides and fertilizers has increased tremendously. Additionally, it shows severe effects on human health, ecosystem, and groundwater. Environment-friendly methods are used to improve soil fertility, pests, and disease control. Biopesticide and biofertilizers have the future to upgrade sustainable agriculture for many years. This review highlights the efficacy of biofertilizers and biopesticides in improving crop yielding. It provides an eco-friendly and cost-effective method to get more yield for farmers. It describes the prominence of microbial inoculants in plant cultivation.
Farmers are now facing a reduction in agricultural crop yield, due to the infertility of soils and poor farming. The application of chemical fertilizers distresses soil fertility and also human health. Inappropriate use of chemical fertilizer leads to the rapid decline in production levels in most parts of the world, and hence requires the necessary standards of good cultivation practice. Biofertilizers and biopesticides have been used in recent years by farmers worldwide to preserve natural soil conditions. Biofertilizer, a replacement for chemical fertilizer, is cost-effective and prevents environmental contamination to the atmosphere, and is a source of renewable energy. In contrast to chemical fertilizers, biofertilizers are cost-effective and a source of renewable energy that preserves long-term soil fertility. The use of biofertilizers is, therefore, inevitable to increase the earth’s productivity. A low-input scheme is feasible to achieve farm sustainability through the use of biological and organic fertilizers. This study investigates the use of microbial inoculants as biofertilizers to increase crop production. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioinoculant; biopesticides; PGPR; microbial inoculants; organic farming; yield component bioinoculant; biopesticides; PGPR; microbial inoculants; organic farming; yield component
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MDPI and ACS Style

Seenivasagan, R.; Babalola, O.O. Utilization of Microbial Consortia as Biofertilizers and Biopesticides for the Production of Feasible Agricultural Product. Biology 2021, 10, 1111. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10111111

AMA Style

Seenivasagan R, Babalola OO. Utilization of Microbial Consortia as Biofertilizers and Biopesticides for the Production of Feasible Agricultural Product. Biology. 2021; 10(11):1111. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10111111

Chicago/Turabian Style

Seenivasagan, Renganathan, and Olubukola O. Babalola. 2021. "Utilization of Microbial Consortia as Biofertilizers and Biopesticides for the Production of Feasible Agricultural Product" Biology 10, no. 11: 1111. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10111111

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