Next Article in Journal
Developing Novel Temperature Sensing Garments for Health Monitoring Applications
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of Bitumen Emulsion and Polyester Resin Mixture on the Physico-Mechanical and Degradable Properties of Jute Fabrics
Previous Article in Special Issue
Production of Nanocellulose from Pineapple Leaf Fibers via High-Shear Homogenization and Ultrasonication
Article Menu
Issue 3 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Fibers 2018, 6(3), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/fib6030045

A Review on Biopolymer-Based Fibers via Electrospinning and Solution Blowing and Their Applications

1
School of Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Mandi, Mandi HP-175005, India
2
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60607-7022, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 April 2018 / Revised: 24 May 2018 / Accepted: 8 June 2018 / Published: 2 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biopolymer Nanofiber)
Full-Text   |   PDF [11327 KB, uploaded 3 July 2018]   |  

Abstract

Electrospinning, for the last few decades, has been extensively acknowledged for its ability to manufacture a macro/nanofibrous architecture from biopolymers, which is otherwise difficult to obtain, in a cost effective and user-friendly technique. Such biopolymer nanofibers can be tailored to meet applications such as drug delivery, tissue engineering, filtration, fuel cell, and food packaging etc. Due to their structural uniqueness, chemical and mechanical stability, functionality, super-high surface area-to-volume ratio, and one-dimensional orientation, electrospun biopolymer nanofibers have been proven to be extremely beneficial. A parallel method in nonwoven methodologies called “Solution Blowing” has also become a potential candidate to fabricate a similar type of architecture from biopolymer fibers, and is gaining popularity among researchers, despite its recent advent in early 2000’s. This review chiefly focuses on the fabrication of biopolymer macro/nanofibers via electrospinning and solution blowing, and several applications of such fiber architectures. Biopolymers include plant- and animal-derived biopolymers, such as cellulose, lignin, chitin, and chitosan, as well as proteins and their derivatives. The fabrication of biopolymer fibers from these biopolymers alone or as blends, predominantly with biodegradable polymers like Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), Polyethylene Oxide (PEO), Polyethylene glycol (PEG), poly (lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) etc., or non-biodegradable polymers like polyamide, Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) etc., will be discussed in detail, along with the applications of several composites of such sort. View Full-Text
Keywords: biopolymer; electrospinning; solution blowing; nanofiber; sustainability biopolymer; electrospinning; solution blowing; nanofiber; sustainability
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kakoria, A.; Sinha-Ray, S. A Review on Biopolymer-Based Fibers via Electrospinning and Solution Blowing and Their Applications. Fibers 2018, 6, 45.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Fibers EISSN 2079-6439 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top