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Article

Effect of Selenium Nanoparticles on Germination of Hordéum Vulgáre Barley Seeds

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Technical University of Munich Campus Straubing for Biotechnology and Sustainability, Essigberg 3, 94315 Straubing, Germany
2
DIL e.V.–German Institute of Food Technologies, Prof.-von-Klitzing-Straße 7, 49610 Quakenbrück, Germany
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Department of Physics and Technology of Nanostructures and Materials, North-Caucasus Federal University, Pushkina Street 1, 355009 Stavropol, Russia
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Laboratory of Physics and Technology of Semiconductor Nanoheterostructures for Microwave Electronics and Photonics, Federal Research Center, The Southern Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Chehova Street 41, 344006 Rostov-on-Don, Russia
5
Food Microbiology and Biotechnology Laboratory, North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, E. Market Street 1601, Greensboro, NC 24711, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jean-François Berret
Coatings 2021, 11(7), 862; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings11070862
Received: 16 June 2021 / Revised: 4 July 2021 / Accepted: 14 July 2021 / Published: 19 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Advanced Surface Coating of Nanoparticles)
Within the framework of this study, the effect of nanoparticles of the essential trace element selenium stabilized by Polyvinylpirrolidone (PVP) C15 (8 ± 2 kDa) and ascorbic acid on the germination of barley seeds has been studied. Selenium nanoparticles stabilized by PVP C15 (8 ± 2 kDa) and ascorbic acid, characterized by a spherical shape, monodisperse size distribution, and a diameter of about 70 ± 5 nm, were obtained by the chemical reduction method. The experiment compared the effect of selenium nanoparticles and selenous acid on seed germination. The positive effect of preparation of selenium nanoparticles stabilized by PVP C15 (8 ± 2 kDa) and ascorbic acid on the length of roots and shoots, the number of roots, and the percentage of seed germination has been revealed. It was determined that the highest percentage of Hordeum vulgare L. culture seed germination was achieved using a preparation of selenium nanoparticles stabilized by PVP C15 (8 ± 2 kDa) and ascorbic acid at a concentration of of 4.65 µg/mL. Analysis of the results showed that selenium in the form of nanoparticles has an order of magnitude that is less toxic than in the form of selenous acid. The study of morphological and functional parameters during the germination of Hordeum vulgare L. seeds allowed us to conclude that selenium nanoparticles can be successfully used in agronomy and agriculture to provide plants with the essential microelement selenium, which is necessary for the normal growth and development of crops. View Full-Text
Keywords: selenium; nanoparticles; germination percentage; sprout length; root length; Hordéum vulgáre; seeds; barley selenium; nanoparticles; germination percentage; sprout length; root length; Hordéum vulgáre; seeds; barley
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MDPI and ACS Style

Siddiqui, S.A.; Blinov, A.V.; Serov, A.V.; Gvozdenko, A.A.; Kravtsov, A.A.; Nagdalian, A.A.; Raffa, V.V.; Maglakelidze, D.G.; Blinova, A.A.; Kobina, A.V.; Golik, A.B.; Ibrahim, S.A. Effect of Selenium Nanoparticles on Germination of Hordéum Vulgáre Barley Seeds. Coatings 2021, 11, 862. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings11070862

AMA Style

Siddiqui SA, Blinov AV, Serov AV, Gvozdenko AA, Kravtsov AA, Nagdalian AA, Raffa VV, Maglakelidze DG, Blinova AA, Kobina AV, Golik AB, Ibrahim SA. Effect of Selenium Nanoparticles on Germination of Hordéum Vulgáre Barley Seeds. Coatings. 2021; 11(7):862. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings11070862

Chicago/Turabian Style

Siddiqui, Shahida A., Andrey V. Blinov, Alexander V. Serov, Alexey A. Gvozdenko, Alexander A. Kravtsov, Andrey A. Nagdalian, Vladislav V. Raffa, David G. Maglakelidze, Anastasiya A. Blinova, Anna V. Kobina, Alexey B. Golik, and Salam A. Ibrahim. 2021. "Effect of Selenium Nanoparticles on Germination of Hordéum Vulgáre Barley Seeds" Coatings 11, no. 7: 862. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings11070862

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