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Open AccessReview

Phages as a Cohesive Prophylactic and Therapeutic Approach in Aquaculture Systems

1
Bacteriophage Laboratory, Ludwik Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Sciences, 53-114 Wrocław, Poland
2
Phage Therapy Unit, Ludwik Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Sciences, 53-114 Wrocław, Poland
3
Infant Jesus Teaching Hospital, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-005 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Antibiotics 2020, 9(9), 564; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9090564
Received: 2 July 2020 / Revised: 15 August 2020 / Accepted: 28 August 2020 / Published: 1 September 2020
Facing antibiotic resistance has provoked a continuously growing focus on phage therapy. Although the greatest emphasis has always been placed on phage treatment in humans, behind phage application lies a complex approach that can be usefully adopted by the food industry, from hatcheries and croplands to ready-to-eat products. Such diverse businesses require an efficient method for combating highly pathogenic bacteria since antibiotic resistance concerns every aspect of human life. Despite the vast abundance of phages on Earth, the aquatic environment has been considered their most natural habitat. Water favors multidirectional Brownian motion and increases the possibility of contact between phage particles and their bacterial hosts. As the global production of aquatic organisms has rapidly grown over the past decades, phage treatment of bacterial infections seems to be an obvious and promising solution in this market sector. Pathogenic bacteria, such as Aeromonas and Vibrio, have already proved to be responsible for mass mortalities in aquatic systems, resulting in economic losses. The main objective of this work is to summarize, from a scientific and industry perspective, the recent data regarding phage application in the form of targeted probiotics and therapeutic agents in aquaculture niches. View Full-Text
Keywords: phage therapy; aquacultures; fish industry; seafood industry; bacterial disease; fish spoilage; antibiotic resistance; animal infections phage therapy; aquacultures; fish industry; seafood industry; bacterial disease; fish spoilage; antibiotic resistance; animal infections
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MDPI and ACS Style

Żaczek, M.; Weber-Dąbrowska, B.; Górski, A. Phages as a Cohesive Prophylactic and Therapeutic Approach in Aquaculture Systems. Antibiotics 2020, 9, 564. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9090564

AMA Style

Żaczek M, Weber-Dąbrowska B, Górski A. Phages as a Cohesive Prophylactic and Therapeutic Approach in Aquaculture Systems. Antibiotics. 2020; 9(9):564. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9090564

Chicago/Turabian Style

Żaczek, Maciej; Weber-Dąbrowska, Beata; Górski, Andrzej. 2020. "Phages as a Cohesive Prophylactic and Therapeutic Approach in Aquaculture Systems" Antibiotics 9, no. 9: 564. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9090564

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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