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Open AccessArticle

Paper-Based Working Electrodes Coated with Mercury or Bismuth Films for Heavy Metals Determination

Departamento de Química Física y Analítica, Facultad de Química, Universidad de Oviedo, 33006 Oviedo, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
In Memoriam to Prof. Agustín Costa-García.
Biosensors 2020, 10(5), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/bios10050052
Received: 27 March 2020 / Revised: 6 May 2020 / Accepted: 8 May 2020 / Published: 13 May 2020
Paper-based carbon working electrodes were modified with mercury or bismuth films for the determination of trace metals in aqueous solutions. Both modification procedures were optimized in terms of selectivity and sensitivity for the determination of different heavy metals, aiming their simultaneous determination. Cd (II), Pb (II) and In (III) could be quantified with both films. However, Cu (II) could not be determined with bismuth films. The modification with mercury films led to the most sensitive method, with linear ranges between 0.1 and 10 µg/mL and limits of detection of 0.4, 0.1, 0.04 and 0.2 µg/mL for Cd (II), Pb (II), In (III) and Cu (II), respectively. Nevertheless, the bismuth film was a more sustainable alternative to mercury. Tap-water samples were analyzed for the determination of metals by standard addition methodology with good accuracy, by using a low-cost and easily disposable paper-based electrochemical platform. This system demonstrated its usefulness for monitoring heavy metals in water. View Full-Text
Keywords: paper electrodes; bismuth films; mercury films; low-cost analysis; heavy metal determination paper electrodes; bismuth films; mercury films; low-cost analysis; heavy metal determination
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Sánchez-Calvo, A.; Blanco-López, M.C.; Costa-García, A. Paper-Based Working Electrodes Coated with Mercury or Bismuth Films for Heavy Metals Determination. Biosensors 2020, 10, 52.

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