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Carbon Nanofiber-Based Functional Nanomaterials for Sensor Applications

1
AnHui Provice Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic and Magnetism Functional Materials, Anqing Normal University, Anqing 246011, China
2
College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266077, China
3
Hybrid Materials Interfaces Group, Faculty of Production Engineering and Center for Environmental Research and Sustainable technology (UFT), University of Bremen, D-28359 Bremen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(7), 1045; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9071045
Received: 2 July 2019 / Revised: 19 July 2019 / Accepted: 19 July 2019 / Published: 22 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon-Based Nanomaterials for (Bio)Sensors Development)
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PDF [4439 KB, uploaded 22 July 2019]
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Abstract

Carbon nanofibers (CNFs) exhibit great potentials in the fields of materials science, biomedicine, tissue engineering, catalysis, energy, environmental science, and analytical science due to their unique physical and chemical properties. Usually, CNFs with flat, mesoporous, and porous surfaces can be synthesized by chemical vapor deposition and electrospinning techniques with subsequent chemical treatment. Meanwhile, the surfaces of CNFs are easy to modify with various materials to extend the applications of CNF-based hybrid nanomaterials in multiple fields. In this review, we focus on the design, synthesis, and sensor applications of CNF-based functional nanomaterials. The fabrication strategies of CNF-based functional nanomaterials by adding metallic nanoparticles (NPs), metal oxide NPs, alloy, silica, polymers, and others into CNFs are introduced and discussed. In addition, the sensor applications of CNF-based nanomaterials for detecting gas, strain, pressure, small molecule, and biomacromolecules are demonstrated in detail. This work will be beneficial for the readers to understand the strategies for fabricating various CNF-based nanomaterials, and explore new applications in energy, catalysis, and environmental science. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon nanofibers; nanoparticles; electrospinning; hybrid nanomaterials; sensor carbon nanofibers; nanoparticles; electrospinning; hybrid nanomaterials; sensor
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Wang, Z.; Wu, S.; Wang, J.; Yu, A.; Wei, G. Carbon Nanofiber-Based Functional Nanomaterials for Sensor Applications. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 1045.

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