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Nanomaterials 2019, 9(3), 356; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9030356

Novel Magnetic Nanostructured Beads for Cadmium(II) Removal

Applied Physic Department, NANOMAG Laboratory, Research Technological Institute, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (USC), 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
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Received: 31 January 2019 / Revised: 20 February 2019 / Accepted: 21 February 2019 / Published: 4 March 2019
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Abstract

This study presents an effective magnetic separation method for cadmium removal, based on the use of a novel nanostructured material as an adsorbent. This adsorbent involves the incorporation of magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4-NPs), synthesized by the reverse coprecipitation method, into sodium alginate and activated carbon to form spherical structures by crosslinking Ca2+ ions with the charged alginate chains, referred to as magnetic alginate activated carbon (MAAC) beads. The effect of the experimental parameters, such as pH, contacting time, adsorbent dosage, agitation type, and rotating speed were investigated and optimized for an efficient removal of Cd(II) ions at an initial concentration of 250 mg/L. The amount of adsorbed Cd(II) by MAAC beads increased at a pH of 6 with a removal efficiency over 90%. The maximum adsorption capacity reached was 70 mg/g of adsorbent at an initial Cd(II) concentration of 150 mg/L, whereas at 250 mg/L the adsorption capacity lowered until 60 mg/g. Sorption isotherms were calculated using Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin, and Dubinin–Radushkevich equations, and were better described by the Freundlich and Temkin models. These results proved the removal efficiency and the potential use under real environmental conditions of the MAAC beads, due to their easy recovery from contaminated aqueous solutions. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnetic; nanoparticles; alginate; beads; adsorption; cadmium magnetic; nanoparticles; alginate; beads; adsorption; cadmium
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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de Castro Alves, L.; Yáñez-Vilar, S.; Piñeiro-Redondo, Y.; Rivas, J. Novel Magnetic Nanostructured Beads for Cadmium(II) Removal. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 356.

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