Next Article in Journal
A Comparative Assessment of Nanotoxicity Induced by Metal (Silver, Nickel) and Metal Oxide (Cobalt, Chromium) Nanoparticles in Labeo rohita
Next Article in Special Issue
Thermally Self-Healing Graphene-Nanoplate/Polyurethane Nanocomposites via Diels–Alder Reaction through a One-Shot Process
Previous Article in Journal
Polypyrrole–Nickel Hydroxide Hybrid Nanowires as Future Materials for Energy Storage
Previous Article in Special Issue
Graphene Reinforced Composites as Protective Coatings for Oil and Gas Pipelines
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(2), 308;

Enhanced and Tunable Electrorheological Capability using Surface Initiated Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization Modification with Simultaneous Reduction of the Graphene Oxide by Silyl-Based Polymer Grafting

Centre of Polymer Systems, University Institute, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Trida T. Bati 5678, 760 01 Zlin, Czech Republic
Polymer Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dubravska cesta 9, 845 41 Bratislava 45, Slovakia
Department of Chemistry, Lodz University of Technology, Institute of Polymer and Dye Technology, 90 924, Lodz, Poland
Department of Polymer Engneering, Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Vavreckova 275, 762 72 Zlin, Czech Republic
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 January 2019 / Revised: 11 February 2019 / Accepted: 13 February 2019 / Published: 24 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multifunctional Graphene-Based Nanocomposites)
PDF [3787 KB, uploaded 25 February 2019]
  |     |  


In this study, a verified process of the "grafting from" approach using surface initiated atom transfer radical polymerization was applied for the modification of a graphene oxide (GO) surface. This approach provides simultaneous grafting of poly(2-(trimethylsilyloxy)ethyl methacrylate) (PHEMATMS) chains and a controllable reduction of the GO surface. This allows the fine tuning of its electrical conductivity, which is a crucial parameter for applications of such hybrid composite particles in electrorheological (ER) suspensions. The successful coating was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The molecular characteristics of PHEMATMS were characterized by gel permeation chromatography. ER performance was elucidated using a rotational rheometer under various electric field strengths and a dielectric spectroscopy to demonstrate the direct impact of both the relaxation time and dielectric relaxation strength on the ER effectivity. Enhanced compatibility between the silicone oil and polymer-modified GO particles was investigated using contact angle measurements and visual sedimentation stability determination. It was clearly proven that the modification of the GO surface improved the ER capability of the system due to the tunable conductivity during the surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (SI-ATRP) process and the enhanced compatibility of the GO particles, modified by polymer containing silyl structures, with silicone oil. These unique ER properties of this system appear very promising for future applications in the design of ER suspensions. View Full-Text
Keywords: graphene oxide; (2-(trimethylsilyloxy)ethyl methacrylate), electrorheology; reduction; SI-ATRP graphene oxide; (2-(trimethylsilyloxy)ethyl methacrylate), electrorheology; reduction; SI-ATRP

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kutalkova, E.; Mrlik, M.; Ilcikova, M.; Osicka, J.; Sedlacik, M.; Mosnacek, J. Enhanced and Tunable Electrorheological Capability using Surface Initiated Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization Modification with Simultaneous Reduction of the Graphene Oxide by Silyl-Based Polymer Grafting. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 308.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Nanomaterials EISSN 2079-4991 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top