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Open AccessArticle

Graphene IoNanofluids, Thermal and Structural Characterization

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Departamento de Física Aplicada, Facultade de Ciencias, Universidade de Vigo, E36310 Vigo, Spain
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LAQV, REQUIMTE, Department of Chemistry, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal
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TA Instruments Waters Chromatography, 28108 Alcobendas, Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(11), 1549; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9111549
Received: 1 October 2019 / Revised: 24 October 2019 / Accepted: 28 October 2019 / Published: 31 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Nanofluids)
Graphene is considered a promising substance in applications related to the capture and reduction of the environmental impact of fluorinated gases. However, further research is still required to explore all related possibilities. In this work, the potential use in this context of nanofluids (NFs), obtained by dispersing graphene nanosheets in fluorinated ionic liquids (FILs) is investigated. As a starting step, a thermal and structural characterization for this type of IoNanofluids (IoNFs) is presented. The highly nanostructured nature of FILs has been recently demonstrated. The presence of fluorinated moieties is responsible for enhancing the accommodation of solutes such as small gases. The strong tendency to self-assemble forming continuous and supramolecular structures, and the versatility to rearrange in several conformational features allows the stabilization of nano colloidal systems. It is essential to perform a comprehensive study of their structural features to understand the behavior of this type of heterogeneous systems. Therefore, we present screening on the phase and structural behavior of these novel IoNFs to discover and develop optimized systems where FILs turn out to be advantageous. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was employed to evaluate IoNFs mass losses with temperature, and their solid–fluid phase transitions were located using a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). Their rheological properties were also determined through oscillatory experiments, obtaining the viscous and loss moduli. In addition, the structural percolation transition was also identified. View Full-Text
Keywords: IoNanofluid; graphene; ionic liquid; rheology; thermophysical properties IoNanofluid; graphene; ionic liquid; rheology; thermophysical properties
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Hermida-Merino, C.; Pereiro, A.; Araújo, J.; Gracia-Fernández, C.; Vallejo, J.P.; Lugo, L.; Piñeiro, M. Graphene IoNanofluids, Thermal and Structural Characterization. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 1549.

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