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Open AccessReview

Biocompatible Polymer Materials with Antimicrobial Properties for Preparation of Stents

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Nanotechnology Centre, VŠB–Technical University of Ostrava, 17. listopadu 15, 708 00 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic
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Center of Advanced Innovation Technologies, VŠB–Technical University of Ostrava, 17. listopadu 15, 708 00 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic
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Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science, University of Ostrava, Chittussiho 10, 71000 Ostrava, Czech Republic
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Institute of Polymer Science and Technology (ICTP-CSIC), Juan de la Cierva 3, 28001 Madrid, Spain
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Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Vavrečkova 275, 760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic
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ENET Centre, VŠB–Technical University of Ostrava, 17. listopadu 15, 708 00 Ostrava -Poruba, Czech Republic
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(11), 1548; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9111548
Received: 26 September 2019 / Revised: 15 October 2019 / Accepted: 29 October 2019 / Published: 31 October 2019
Biodegradable polymers are promising materials for use in medical applications such as stents. Their properties are comparable to commercially available resistant metal and polymeric stents, which have several major problems, such as stent migration and stent clogging due to microbial biofilm. Consequently, conventional stents have to be removed operatively from the patient’s body, which presents a number of complications and can also endanger the patient’s life. Biodegradable stents disintegrate into basic substances that decompose in the human body, and no surgery is required. This review focuses on the specific use of stents in the human body, the problems of microbial biofilm, and possibilities of preventing microbial growth by modifying polymers with antimicrobial agents. View Full-Text
Keywords: stent; biodegradable polymer; polylactide; antimicrobial agents; antimicrobial effects; medicine stent; biodegradable polymer; polylactide; antimicrobial agents; antimicrobial effects; medicine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Škrlová, K.; Malachová, K.; Muñoz-Bonilla, A.; Měřinská, D.; Rybková, Z.; Fernández-García, M.; Plachá, D. Biocompatible Polymer Materials with Antimicrobial Properties for Preparation of Stents. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 1548.

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