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Open AccessArticle

The Comet Assay as a Tool to Detect the Genotoxic Potential of Nanomaterials

1
Department of Genetics and Microbiology, Faculty of Biosciences, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Cerdanyola del Vallès (Barcelona), Spain
2
Nanobiology Laboratory, Department of Natural and Exact Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra, PUCMM, Santiago de los Caballeros 50000, Dominican Republic
3
Consortium for Biomedical Research in Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Carlos III Institute of Health, 28029 Madrid, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(10), 1385; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9101385
Received: 6 August 2019 / Revised: 6 September 2019 / Accepted: 18 September 2019 / Published: 27 September 2019
The interesting physicochemical characteristics of nanomaterials (NMs) has brought about their increasing use and, consequently, their increasing presence in the environment. As emergent contaminants, there is an urgent need for new data about their potential side-effects on human health. Among their potential effects, the potential for DNA damage is of paramount relevance. Thus, in the context of the EU project NANoREG, the establishment of common robust protocols for detecting genotoxicity of NMs became an important aim. One of the developed protocols refers to the use of the comet assay, as a tool to detect the induction of DNA strand breaks. In this study, eight different NMs—TiO2NP (2), SiO2NP (2), ZnONP, CeO2NP, AgNP, and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT)—were tested using two different human lung epithelial cell lines (A549 and BEAS-2B). The comet assay was carried out with and without the use of the formamidopyrimidine glycosylase (FPG) enzyme to detect the induction of oxidatively damaged DNA bases. As a high throughput approach, we have used GelBond films (GBF) instead of glass slides, allowing the fitting of 48 microgels on the same GBF. The results confirmed the suitability of the comet assay as a powerful tool to detect the genotoxic potential of NMs. Specifically, our results indicate that most of the selected nanomaterials showed mild to significant genotoxic effects, at least in the A549 cell line, reflecting the relevance of the cell line used to determine the genotoxic ability of a defined NM. View Full-Text
Keywords: comet assay; FPG enzyme; TiO2NP; SiO2NP; ZnONP; CeO2NP; AgNP; multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) comet assay; FPG enzyme; TiO2NP; SiO2NP; ZnONP; CeO2NP; AgNP; multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT)
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García-Rodríguez, A.; Rubio, L.; Vila, L.; Xamena, N.; Velázquez, A.; Marcos, R.; Hernández, A. The Comet Assay as a Tool to Detect the Genotoxic Potential of Nanomaterials. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 1385.

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