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Open AccessArticle

Synthesis of Reduced Graphene Oxide/Titanium Dioxide Nanotubes (rGO/TNT) Composites as an Electrical Double Layer Capacitor

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Chemical Engineering Department, De La Salle University, 2401 Taft Avenue, Manila 1004, Philippines
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Chemical Engineering Department, Malayan Colleges Laguna, Pulo-Diezmo Rd. Cabuyao City, Laguna 4025, Philippines
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Chemical Engineering Department, University of the Philippines Los Baños, College, Laguna 4031, Philippines
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Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan
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Department of Biomedical Engineering and Environmental Sciences, National Tsing Hua University, Sec. 2 Kuang-Fu Road, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2018, 8(11), 934; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano8110934
Received: 23 October 2018 / Revised: 5 November 2018 / Accepted: 6 November 2018 / Published: 9 November 2018
Composites of synthesized reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and titanium dioxide nanotubes (TNTs) were examined and combined at different mass proportions (3:1, 1:1, and 1:3) to develop an electrochemical double layer capacitor (EDLC) nanocomposite. Three different combination methods of synthesis—(1) TNT introduction during GO reduction, (2) rGO introduction during TNT formation, and (3) TNT introduction in rGO sheets using a microwave reactor—were used to produce nanocomposites. Among the three methods, method 3 yielded an EDLC nanomaterial with a highly rectangular cyclic voltammogram and steep electrochemical impedance spectroscopy plot. The specific capacitance for method 3 nanocomposites ranged from 47.26–165.22 F/g while that for methods 1 and 2 nanocomposites only ranged from 14.03–73.62 F/g and 41.93–84.36 F/g, respectively. Furthermore, in all combinations used, the 3:1 graphene/titanium dioxide-based samples consistently yielded the highest specific capacitance. The highest among these nanocomposites is 3:1 rGO/TNT. Characterization of this highly capacitive 3:1 rGO/TNT EDLC composite revealed the dominant presence of partially amorphous rGO as seen in its XRD and SEM with branching crystalline anatase TNTs as seen in its XRD and TEM. Such property showed great potential that is desirable for applications to capacitive deionization and energy storage. View Full-Text
Keywords: reduced graphene oxide; titanium dioxide nanotubes; electrical double layer capacitor; electrode; nanocomposite reduced graphene oxide; titanium dioxide nanotubes; electrical double layer capacitor; electrode; nanocomposite
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Lazarte, J.P.L.; Dipasupil, R.C.; Pasco, G.Y.S.; Eusebio, R.C.P.; Orbecido, A.H.; Doong, R.-A.; Bautista-Patacsil, L. Synthesis of Reduced Graphene Oxide/Titanium Dioxide Nanotubes (rGO/TNT) Composites as an Electrical Double Layer Capacitor. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 934.

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