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Open AccessArticle

Comparative Evaluation of U.S. Brand and Generic Intravenous Sodium Ferric Gluconate Complex in Sucrose Injection: Physicochemical Characterization

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Office of Research and Standards, Office of Generic Drugs, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD 20993, USA
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Division of Applied Regulatory Science, Office of Clinical Pharmacology, Office of Translational Sciences, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD 20993, USA
3
Office of Science and Engineering Laboratories, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD 20993, USA
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National Center for Toxicological Research, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Jefferson, AR 72079, USA
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Division of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Office of Testing and Research, Office of Pharmaceutical Quality, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Saint Louis, MO 63110, USA
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Bindley Bioscience Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Office of Regulatory Affairs, Arkansas Regional Laboratory, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Jefferson, AR 72079, USA
Nanomaterials 2018, 8(1), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano8010025
Received: 23 October 2017 / Revised: 18 December 2017 / Accepted: 20 December 2017 / Published: 5 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology)
The objective of this study was to evaluate physicochemical equivalence between brand (i.e., Ferrlecit) and generic sodium ferric gluconate (SFG) in sucrose injection by conducting a series of comparative in vitro characterizations using advanced analytical techniques. The elemental iron and carbon content, thermal properties, viscosity, particle size, zeta potential, sedimentation coefficient, and molecular weight were determined. There was no noticeable difference between brand and generic SFG in sucrose injection for the above physical parameters evaluated, except for the sedimentation coefficient determined by sedimentation velocity analytical ultracentrifugation (SV-AUC) and molecular weight by asymmetric field flow fractionation-multi-angle light scattering (AFFF-MALS). In addition, brand and generic SFG complex products showed comparable molecular weight distributions when determined by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The observed minor differences between brand and generic SFG, such as sedimentation coefficient, do not impact their biological activities in separate studies of in vitro cellular uptake and rat biodistribution. Coupled with the ongoing clinical study comparing the labile iron level in healthy volunteers, the FDA-funded post-market studies intended to illustrate comprehensive surveillance efforts ensuring safety and efficacy profiles of generic SFG complex in sucrose injection, and also to shed new light on the approval standards on generic parenteral iron colloidal products. View Full-Text
Keywords: sodium ferric gluconate complex; parenteral iron; Ferrlecit; generic drugs; bioequivalence sodium ferric gluconate complex; parenteral iron; Ferrlecit; generic drugs; bioequivalence
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Sun, D.; Rouse, R.; Patel, V.; Wu, Y.; Zheng, J.; Karmakar, A.; Patri, A.K.; Chitranshi, P.; Keire, D.; Ma, J.; Jiang, W. Comparative Evaluation of U.S. Brand and Generic Intravenous Sodium Ferric Gluconate Complex in Sucrose Injection: Physicochemical Characterization. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 25.

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