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Nanomaterials 2016, 6(2), 33;

EU Regulation of Nanobiocides: Challenges in Implementing the Biocidal Product Regulation (BPR)

Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Bülowsvej 17, DK-1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, DTU-Building 113, DK-2800 Copenhagen, Denmark
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paul Bertsch and Jonathan Judy
Received: 9 October 2015 / Revised: 28 January 2016 / Accepted: 4 February 2016 / Published: 16 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Engineered Nanomaterials in the Environment)
Full-Text   |   PDF [551 KB, uploaded 16 February 2016]   |  


The Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR) contains several provisions for nanomaterials (NMs) and is the first regulation in the European Union to require specific testing and risk assessment for the NM form of a biocidal substance as a part of the information requirements. Ecotoxicological data are one of the pillars of the information requirements in the BPR, but there are currently no standard test guidelines for the ecotoxicity testing of NMs. The overall objective of this work was to investigate the implications of the introduction of nano-specific testing requirements in the BPR and to explore how these might be fulfilled in the case of copper oxide nanoparticles. While there is information and data available in the open literature that could be used to fulfill the BPR information requirements, most of the studies do not take the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s nanospecific test guidelines into consideration. This makes it difficult for companies as well as regulators to fulfill the BPR information requirements for nanomaterials. In order to enable a nanospecific risk assessment, best practices need to be developed regarding stock suspension preparation and characterization, exposure suspensions preparation, and for conducting ecotoxicological test. View Full-Text
Keywords: biocides; nanomaterials; European Union (EU) policy; regulation; risk assessment; ecotoxicity biocides; nanomaterials; European Union (EU) policy; regulation; risk assessment; ecotoxicity

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Brinch, A.; Hansen, S.F.; Hartmann, N.B.; Baun, A. EU Regulation of Nanobiocides: Challenges in Implementing the Biocidal Product Regulation (BPR). Nanomaterials 2016, 6, 33.

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