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Multiple Resolution Modeling: A Particular Case of Distributed Simulation
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A Systematic Review of the Multi-Resolution Modeling (MRM) for Integration of Live, Virtual, and Constructive Systems

1
Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816, USA
2
Faculty of Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Information 2020, 11(10), 480; https://doi.org/10.3390/info11100480
Received: 17 August 2020 / Revised: 27 September 2020 / Accepted: 8 October 2020 / Published: 14 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Distributed Simulation 2020)
Multi-Resolution Modeling (MRM) is a modeling technology that creates a model that expresses the same phenomenon at more than two different resolutions. Since the advent of distributed simulation systems, the MRM study began in the military field, where the modeling and simulation (M&S) was most actively developed and was recognized as an essential area in the integrated system of live, virtual and constructive (LVC) simulations. Models of the various resolutions had already been built based on the characteristics and training purposes of each weapon system, and the interoperability of these models was a primary task in the M&S community. In this study, we report the results from a systematic review of the MRM to address two questions: (1) What research has been done towards the MRM for integrating LVC system? (2) What are the research and technology challenges for the MRM implementation in the future? In total, 22 papers have been identified and studied in this review by following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The structures of the significant 20 MRM implementation experiments in those papers are analyzed based on the relationship between the MRM and integrating the LVC system being implemented in the military. We explored the various issues related to the MRM. Then, we discussed the direction in which the MRM should move forward, comparing civilian modeling techniques with those being used in the military. View Full-Text
Keywords: distributed simulation; multi-resolution modeling (MRM); high-level architecture (HLA); live; virtual and constructive (LVC) system distributed simulation; multi-resolution modeling (MRM); high-level architecture (HLA); live; virtual and constructive (LVC) system
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Lee, K.; Lee, G.; Rabelo, L. A Systematic Review of the Multi-Resolution Modeling (MRM) for Integration of Live, Virtual, and Constructive Systems. Information 2020, 11, 480.

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