Next Article in Journal
Soil Classification and Site Variability Analysis Based on CPT—A Case Study in the Yellow River Subaquatic Delta, China
Next Article in Special Issue
Vulnerability Analysis of the Riumar Dune Field in El Garxal Coastal Wetland (Ebro Delta, Spain)
Previous Article in Journal
The Effects of Installation on the Elastic Stiffness Coefficients of Spudcan Foundations
Previous Article in Special Issue
Cispatá Bay and Mestizos Evolution as Reconstructed from Old Documents and Maps (16th–20th Century)
Article

Endophytic Fungi of Emersed Halophytes in River Deltas and Tidal Flats of the Korean Ramsar Wetlands

1
Water Quality Research Institute, Waterworks Headquarters Incheon Metropolitan City, Incheon 21316, Korea
2
Incheon Metropolitan City Institute of Public Health and Environment, Incheon 22320, Korea
3
Department of Hydrogen and Renewable Energy, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea
4
Microorganism Resources Division, National Institute of Biological Resources, Incheon 22689, Korea
5
School of Life Sciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nuria Navarro
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9(4), 430; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9040430
Received: 10 March 2021 / Revised: 7 April 2021 / Accepted: 11 April 2021 / Published: 15 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coastal Wetlands)
This study aimed to obtain information on the diversity and distribution of the endophytic fungi in Ramsar wetlands. Vast salt marshes in Suncheon Bay, Korea, are formed by two types of ecotones (tidal flats and deltas) that are supported by the emersed halophytes Phragmites australis and Suaeda japonica. Overall, 324 endophytes were isolated from P. australis (six sampling points in the delta and five in the tidal flats) and S. japonica (six in tidal flats). Margalef’s, Menhinick’s, Shannon’s, and Simpson’s diversity indices significantly varied among the ecotones. In particular, higher variance in diversity value and unevenness was observed in the delta marsh compared with the tidal flat marsh. Further, morphological diversity in the delta salt marsh was 1.8 times higher than that of the tidal flat. Comprising several dominant genera (Aspergillus, Cladosporium, and Penicillium), Epicoccum, Paraconiothyrium, Septoriella, and Talaromyces were widely distributed regardless of the aquatic conditions or halophyte species. This study highlights the distinct distribution and diversity of marine endophytes in various ecotones that can physically protect the coastal areas. This data is of much value to secure a national culture collection for future restoration of the coastal wetlands and their ecosystems. View Full-Text
Keywords: halophyte; marine endophyte; Phragmites australis; Ramsar wetland; Suaeda japonica halophyte; marine endophyte; Phragmites australis; Ramsar wetland; Suaeda japonica
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Park, J.-M.; Hong, J.-W.; You, Y.-H.; Kim, J.-G. Endophytic Fungi of Emersed Halophytes in River Deltas and Tidal Flats of the Korean Ramsar Wetlands. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9, 430. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9040430

AMA Style

Park J-M, Hong J-W, You Y-H, Kim J-G. Endophytic Fungi of Emersed Halophytes in River Deltas and Tidal Flats of the Korean Ramsar Wetlands. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2021; 9(4):430. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9040430

Chicago/Turabian Style

Park, Jong-Myong, Ji-Won Hong, Young-Hyun You, and Jong-Guk Kim. 2021. "Endophytic Fungi of Emersed Halophytes in River Deltas and Tidal Flats of the Korean Ramsar Wetlands" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 9, no. 4: 430. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9040430

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop