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Article

Which Green Transport Corridors (GTC) Are Efficient? A Dual-Step Approach Using Network Equilibrium Model (NEM) and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)

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Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture (ESALQ), University of São Paulo (USP), Piracicaba 13418-900, SP, Brazil
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Sao Carlos School of Engineering (EESC), University of São Paulo (USP), São Carlos 13562-190, SP, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Okan Duru, Chris Clott, Bruce Hartma and Sinem Celik Girgin
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9(3), 247; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9030247
Received: 22 December 2020 / Revised: 16 February 2021 / Accepted: 21 February 2021 / Published: 26 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Computational Maritime Economics and Technology)
The development of Green Transport Corridors (GTCs) is an important strategy to help a region achieve more sustainable solutions. When such GTCs are implemented, multimodal supply chains and environmentally-friendly alternatives for freight transportation through economically relevant hubs and long-distance routes can be facilitated. Based on previous efforts for evaluating single routes, this paper aimed to propose a single multi-criteria Logistics Composite Index (LCI), constructed based on a set of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs), to evaluate the efficiency of GTCs considering the integration of multiple transport modes (highways, railways, and waterways). This approach consists of a dual-step procedure, applying a Network Equilibrium Model (NEM) and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). It was applied to Brazilian agricultural bulk transport export corridors, considering the existing and planned infrastructure in the harvest year of 2018/2019. In general, the best indexes were those from corridors considering planned railways. Specifically, the best index was from a corridor from the Northeast region. The second was from the South. The third was from the North (Amazon), and was one of the few corridors with adequate waterways. This approach is useful for decision-makers to determine the most efficient corridors as well as for policy-makers to guide infrastructure investments and address public policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: Green Transport Corridor (GTC); Freight Transportation; Network Equilibrium Model (NEM); Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA); Key Performance Indicator (KPI); Logistics Composite Index (LCI) Green Transport Corridor (GTC); Freight Transportation; Network Equilibrium Model (NEM); Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA); Key Performance Indicator (KPI); Logistics Composite Index (LCI)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alves Junior, P.N.; Melo, I.C.; Branco, J.E.H.; Bartholomeu, D.B.; Caixeta-Filho, J.V. Which Green Transport Corridors (GTC) Are Efficient? A Dual-Step Approach Using Network Equilibrium Model (NEM) and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9, 247. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9030247

AMA Style

Alves Junior PN, Melo IC, Branco JEH, Bartholomeu DB, Caixeta-Filho JV. Which Green Transport Corridors (GTC) Are Efficient? A Dual-Step Approach Using Network Equilibrium Model (NEM) and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2021; 9(3):247. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9030247

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alves Junior, Paulo N., Isotilia C. Melo, José E.H. Branco, Daniela B. Bartholomeu, and José V. Caixeta-Filho 2021. "Which Green Transport Corridors (GTC) Are Efficient? A Dual-Step Approach Using Network Equilibrium Model (NEM) and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 9, no. 3: 247. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse9030247

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