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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

An Integrated Reconstruction of the Multiannual Wave Pattern in the Gulf of Naples (South-Eastern Tyrrhenian Sea, Western Mediterranean Sea)

1
Department of Science and Technologies, Parthenope University of Naples, Centro Direzionale Is.C4, 80143 Naples, Italy
2
CoNISMa (National Inter-University Consortium for Marine Sciences), Piazzale Flaminio, 00196 Rome, Italy
3
Department of Research Infrastructures for MArine Biological Resources, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, 80121 Naples, Italy
4
Department of Integrative Marine Ecology, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, 80121 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8(5), 372; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8050372
Received: 15 April 2020 / Revised: 18 May 2020 / Accepted: 20 May 2020 / Published: 23 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Radar Technology for Coastal Areas and Open Sea Monitoring)
Surface gravity waves retrieved by a network of HF (High Frequency) radars and measured in situ by an ADCP (Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler) current meter connected to an elastic beacon were used to carry out a multiple-year characterization of the wave field of the Gulf of Naples (south-eastern Tyrrhenian Sea, western Mediterranean). The aim of the work was to create a climatology of the study area and to demonstrate the potential of an integrated platform for coastal studies. The patterns recorded by the different instruments were in agreement with the wave climatology of the southern Tyrrhenian Sea as well as with previous scores for the same area. The results presented in this work also highlight seasonal and interannual consistency in the wave patterns for each site. In a wider context, this study demonstrates the potential of HF radars as long-term monitoring tools of the wave field in coastal basins, and supports the development of integrated observatories to address large-scale scientific challenges such as coastal ocean dynamics and the impact of global change on the local dynamics. View Full-Text
Keywords: Gulf of Naples; HF radar; ADCP; augmented observatory; wave field Gulf of Naples; HF radar; ADCP; augmented observatory; wave field
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Saviano, S.; Cianelli, D.; Zambianchi, E.; Conversano, F.; Uttieri, M. An Integrated Reconstruction of the Multiannual Wave Pattern in the Gulf of Naples (South-Eastern Tyrrhenian Sea, Western Mediterranean Sea). J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8, 372.

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