Next Article in Journal
Effect of Tidal Stage on Sediment Concentrations and Turbulence by Vessel Wake in a Coastal Plain Saltmarsh
Next Article in Special Issue
Wave Energy in Tropical Regions: Deployment Challenges, Environmental and Social Perspectives
Previous Article in Journal
Seismic Dynamics of Pipeline Buried in Dense Seabed Foundation
Previous Article in Special Issue
Energy Yield Assessment from Ocean Currents in the Insular Shelf of Cozumel Island
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

On the Marine Energy Resources of Mexico

1
II-UNAM, Instituto de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Edificio 17, Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico City 04510, Mexico
2
Cátedra CONACyT, Instituto de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico City 04510, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7(6), 191; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse7060191
Received: 31 May 2019 / Revised: 17 June 2019 / Accepted: 18 June 2019 / Published: 22 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Development of Marine Energy Extraction)
  |  
PDF [4441 KB, uploaded 22 June 2019]
  |  

Abstract

The Atlantic and Pacific coasts of Mexico offer a variety of marine energy sources for exploitation. Although the Mexican government has made important efforts to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels, national participation in clean energies is still limited in terms of electricity production. This paper presents a practical theoretical assessment of marine energy sources around Mexico, with the aim of identifying potential zones for subsequent, more detailed, technical evaluations and project implementations. The energy sources considered are ocean currents, waves, salinity, and thermal gradients. Using global databases, the percentages of energy availability for the defined thresholds were computed to establish the prospective regions with the most persistent power availability. This approach proved to offer more meaningful information than simple averaged values. Moreover, some environmental and socio-economic factors to be considered for future ocean energy resource assessments in Mexico were also discussed. The results show that the wave energy potential is highest in the northwest of Mexico (~2–10 kW/m for more than 50% of the time), and that there is a constant source of ocean current energy off Quintana Roo state (~32–215 W/m2 for more than 50% of the time). The thermal gradient power is more persistent in the southwest and southeast of the country, where ~100–200 MW can be found 70% of the time. The salinity gradient energy is strongest in the southeast of Mexico. The practical approach presented here can be extended to perform preliminary resources assessments in regions where information is scarce. View Full-Text
Keywords: marine energy in Mexico; resource assessment; wave; currents; thermal gradient; salinity gradient marine energy in Mexico; resource assessment; wave; currents; thermal gradient; salinity gradient
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hernández-Fontes, J.V.; Felix, A.; Mendoza, E.; Cueto, Y.R.; Silva, R. On the Marine Energy Resources of Mexico. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7, 191.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. EISSN 2077-1312 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top