The stability of hydrate-bearing near-wellbore reservoirs is one of the key issues in gas hydrate exploitation. In most previous investigations, the damage evolution process of the sediment structure and its effect on near-wellbore reservoir stability have been neglected. Therefore, the damage variable is introduced into a multi-field coupled model based on continuous damage theory and multi-field coupling theory. A thermo-hydro-mechanical-chemical (THMC) multi-field coupling mathematical model considering damage of hydrate-bearing sediments is established. The effects of damage of hydrate-bearing sediments on the thermal field, seepage field, and mechanical field are considered. Finally, the distributions of hydrate saturation, pore pressure, damage variable, and effective stress of a near-wellbore reservoir in gas hydrate exploitation by depressurization are calculated, and the stability of a hydrate-bearing near-wellbore reservoir is analyzed using the model. Through calculation and analysis, it is found that structural damage of hydrate-bearing sediments has an adverse effect on the stability of hydrate-bearing near-wellbore reservoirs. The closer to the wellbore, the worse the reservoir stability, and the near-wellbore reservoir stability is the worst in the direction of minimum horizontal ground stress.
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