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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Vintage and Viticultural Practices on the Phenolic Content of Hybrid Winegrapes in Very Cool Climate

1
Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Fr. R. Kreutzwaldi 1, 51006 Tartu, Estonia
2
Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Polli Horticultural Research Centre, 69108 Polli, Estonia
3
Institute of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, ERA-Chair Valortech, Kreutzwaldi 56/5, 51014 Tartu, Estonia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2020, 10(5), 169; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10050169
Received: 17 April 2020 / Revised: 11 May 2020 / Accepted: 11 May 2020 / Published: 14 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Viticulture)
Vine growing and wine production is gaining in popularity around the Baltic Sea Region. The first aim of the experiment was to determine the variability of the total phenolic and anthocyanin content (from 2010 to 2018) and of individual anthocyanin content (from 2016 to 2018) in the hybrid grape cultivars ‘Hasansky Sladky’, ‘Zilga’, and ‘Rondo’. In field conditions ‘Rondo’ had winter cold damage to canes in two years. Therefore, the second aim was to determine the effect of high polyethylene tunnel and field conditions on fruit total and individual anthocyanin content of ‘Rondo’ from 2016 to 2018. Over nine years, the total phenolic content ranged from 192 to 671 mg 100 g−1 and anthocyanins from 30 to 405 mg 100 g−1 spectrophotometrically. The anthocyanin (delphinidin-3-O-glucoside, cyanidin-3-O-glucoside, petunidin-3-O-glucoside, peonidin-3-O-glucoside, malvidin-3-O-glucoside) content depended on cultivar properties and climatic parameters. Antioxidant activity was cultivar dependent and ranged from 40 to 88%. Polytunnel cultivation increased the content of total anthocyanins in ‘Rondo’ from 447 to 1472 mg 100 g−1 (by chromatographically) in cooler year, but in warmer years it decreased from 3645 to 1618 mg 100 g−1. Individual anthocyanins showed the same tendency. Grapevine cultivar ‘Rondo’ is recommended for tunnel growing in very cool climate conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: anthocyanins; antioxidant activity; cyanidin; delphinidin; malvidin; peonidin; petunidin; Vitis hybrids anthocyanins; antioxidant activity; cyanidin; delphinidin; malvidin; peonidin; petunidin; Vitis hybrids
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Maante-Kuljus, M.; Rätsep, R.; Moor, U.; Mainla, L.; Põldma, P.; Koort, A.; Karp, K. Effect of Vintage and Viticultural Practices on the Phenolic Content of Hybrid Winegrapes in Very Cool Climate. Agriculture 2020, 10, 169.

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