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Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Light Exposures on the Content of Harmful Substances in Edible Potato Tuber

1
Faculty of Agrobioengineering and Animal Husbandry, University of Natural Sciences and Humanities in Siedlce, ul. Prusa 14, 08-110 Siedlce, Poland
2
Department of Agriculture, Vocational State School of Ignacy Mościcki in Ciechanów, ul. Narutowicza 9, 06-400 Ciechanów, Poland
3
Department of Biosystems Engineering; Slovak University of Agriculture Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949-76 Nitra, Slovak Republic
4
Faculty of Production and Power Engineering; University of Agriculture in Krakow, ul. Balicka 116B; 30-149 Krakow, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2020, 10(5), 139; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10050139
Received: 30 March 2020 / Revised: 23 April 2020 / Accepted: 24 April 2020 / Published: 27 April 2020
Background: The impact of light on the content of undesirable substances is particularly important in the case of potatoes available in store where the tubers are exposed to continuous light access. Both washed and unwashed potatoes are available, hence the hypothesis that the amount of harmful substances stored in tubers depends not only on the time of their exposure to light, but also on whether they were washed or not. Methods: In order to verify the hypothesis, laboratory tests were carried out on the tubers of five potato varieties originating from a univariate field experiment. The aim of the study was to analyse the change in the content of total glycoalkaloids (TGA) and nitrates (V) in tubers of five potato varieties depending on the time of light exposition (0, 7, 14 days) and pretreatment of tubers. Results: It has been demonstrated that the content of glycoalkaloids and nitrates in potato tubers depended significantly on the variety, time of exposure to light and pretreatment. Most glycoalkaloids were accumulated in the tubers of the Lord (89.67 mg·kg−1) and Irga (89.05 mg·kg−1) varieties. The time of light exposure significantly influenced the increase in glycoalkaloids and nitrates in the studied potato tubers. The increase in TGA after 14 days ranged from 20.67 mg∙kg−1 for variety Vinieta to 54.67 mg∙kg−1 for variety Irga. The increase in nitrates ranged from 11.67 mg∙kg−1 for variety Bellarosa to 27.50 mg∙kg−1 for variety Irga. Exposure time affected the content of glycoalkaloids in a parabolic manner and the content of nitrates in a linear manner. View Full-Text
Keywords: glycoalkaloids; nitrates (V); Solanum tuberosum L.; variety; unwashed and washed tubers glycoalkaloids; nitrates (V); Solanum tuberosum L.; variety; unwashed and washed tubers
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Rymuza, K.; Gugała, M.; Zarzecka, K.; Sikorska, A.; Findura, P.; Malaga-Toboła, U.; Kapela, K.; Radzka, E. The Effect of Light Exposures on the Content of Harmful Substances in Edible Potato Tuber. Agriculture 2020, 10, 139.

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