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Open AccessReview

The Potential Use of Probiotics to Improve Animal Health, Efficiency, and Meat Quality: A Review

1
Food Science Department, Agriculture College, Basrah University, Basrah 00964, Iraq
2
Department of Nutrition, Dietetics and Food Sciences, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322, USA
3
Animal Production Department, Agriculture College, Basrah University, Basrah 00964, Iraq
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2020, 10(10), 452; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10100452
Received: 28 August 2020 / Revised: 29 September 2020 / Accepted: 29 September 2020 / Published: 1 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Farm Animal Production)
To address the rapidly growing use of probiotics in animal agriculture, this review discusses the effect of probiotics on animal growth and development, immune response, and productivity. Several benefits have been associated with the use of probiotics in farm animals, such as improved growth and feed efficiency, reduced mortality, and enhanced product quality. While the mechanisms through which probiotics induce their beneficial effects are not well understood, their role in modifying the gastrointestinal microbiota is believed to be the main mechanism. The use of probiotics in fresh and fermented meat products has been also shown to reduce pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms and improve sensory characteristics. Although many benefits have been associated with the use of probiotics, their effectiveness in improving animal performance and product quality is highly variable. Factors that dictate such variability are dependent on the probiotic strain being utilized and its stability during storage and administration/inoculation, frequency and dosage, nutritional and health status as well as age of the host animal. Therefore, future research should focus on finding more effective probiotic strains for the desired use and identifying the optimum dose, administration time, delivery method, and mechanism of action for each strain/host. View Full-Text
Keywords: probiotic; gut microbiota; immune response; growth; efficiency; meat quality probiotic; gut microbiota; immune response; growth; efficiency; meat quality
MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Shawi, S.G.; Dang, D.S.; Yousif, A.Y.; Al-Younis, Z.K.; Najm, T.A.; Matarneh, S.K. The Potential Use of Probiotics to Improve Animal Health, Efficiency, and Meat Quality: A Review. Agriculture 2020, 10, 452. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10100452

AMA Style

Al-Shawi SG, Dang DS, Yousif AY, Al-Younis ZK, Najm TA, Matarneh SK. The Potential Use of Probiotics to Improve Animal Health, Efficiency, and Meat Quality: A Review. Agriculture. 2020; 10(10):452. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10100452

Chicago/Turabian Style

Al-Shawi, Sarmad G.; Dang, David S.; Yousif, Asraa Y.; Al-Younis, Zena K.; Najm, Teif A.; Matarneh, Sulaiman K. 2020. "The Potential Use of Probiotics to Improve Animal Health, Efficiency, and Meat Quality: A Review" Agriculture 10, no. 10: 452. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10100452

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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