Next Article in Journal
Quantified Vascular Calcification at the Dialysis Access Site: Correlations with the Coronary Artery Calcium Score and Survival Analysis of Access and Cardiovascular Outcomes
Next Article in Special Issue
Role of Menopausal Transition and Physical Activity in Loss of Lean and Muscle Mass: A Follow-Up Study in Middle-Aged Finnish Women
Previous Article in Journal
Biomechanical and Clinical Effect of Patient-Specific or Customized Knee Implants: A Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
Sarcopenia in Neurological Patients: Standard Values for Temporal Muscle Thickness and Muscle Strength Evaluation
Article

Determinants of Performance in the Timed up-and-go and Six-Minute Walk Tests in Young and Old Healthy Adults

1
Musculoskeletal Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M15 6BH, UK
2
Institute of Sport Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tartu, 51014 Tartu, Estonia
3
Gerontology Research Center, Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyvsäkylä, FI-40014 Jyvsäkylä, Finland
4
Department of Human Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Movement Sciences, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
5
Department of Medicine and Aged Care, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
6
Neuromuscular Investigation Center, Institute of Myology, Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, 73013 Paris, France
7
Musculoskeletal Science and Sports Medicine, School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD, UK
8
Institute of Sport Science and Innovations, Lithuanian Sports University, LT-44221 Kaunas, Lithuania
9
University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Targu Mures, 540142 Targu Mures, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(5), 1561; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9051561
Received: 8 April 2020 / Revised: 13 May 2020 / Accepted: 15 May 2020 / Published: 21 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sarcopenia: Skeletal Muscle Health and Ageing)
The aim of this study was to assess associations between performance in the timed up-and-go (TUG) and six-minute walk distance (6MWD) with physiological characteristics in young and old healthy adults. Thereto, we determined TUG, 6MWD, normalised jump power, centre of pressure displacement during 1-leg standing, forced expiratory volume in 1 s, percentage of age-predicted maximal heart rate (HR%) and height in 419 healthy young (men: 23.5 ± 2.8 years, women: 23.2 ± 2.9 years) and old (men: 74.6 ± 3.2 years, women: 74.1 ± 3.2 years) adults. Normalised jump power explained 8% and 19% of TUG in young (p = 0.025) and older men (p < 0.001), respectively. When fat mass percentage and age were added to normalised jump power, 30% of TUG was explained in older men (R2adj = 0.30, p < 0.001 to 0.106). Appendicular lean muscle mass percentage (ALM%) and age were the best determinants of TUG for older women (R2adj = 0.16, p < 0.001 to 0.01). HR% explained 17–39% of 6MWD across all groups (R2adj = 0.17 to 39, p < 0.001). In conclusion, in men, jump power was a key determinant for TUG, while in old women only it was the ALM%. As HR% was the most important determinant of 6MWD, motivational bias needs to be considered in the interpretation of this test. View Full-Text
Keywords: muscle; spirometry; ageing; physical functional performance muscle; spirometry; ageing; physical functional performance
MDPI and ACS Style

Montgomery, G.; McPhee, J.; Pääsuke, M.; Sipilä, S.; Maier, A.B.; Hogrel, J.-Y.; Degens, H. Determinants of Performance in the Timed up-and-go and Six-Minute Walk Tests in Young and Old Healthy Adults. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 1561. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9051561

AMA Style

Montgomery G, McPhee J, Pääsuke M, Sipilä S, Maier AB, Hogrel J-Y, Degens H. Determinants of Performance in the Timed up-and-go and Six-Minute Walk Tests in Young and Old Healthy Adults. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020; 9(5):1561. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9051561

Chicago/Turabian Style

Montgomery, Gallin, Jamie McPhee, Mati Pääsuke, Sarianna Sipilä, Andrea B. Maier, Jean-Yves Hogrel, and Hans Degens. 2020. "Determinants of Performance in the Timed up-and-go and Six-Minute Walk Tests in Young and Old Healthy Adults" Journal of Clinical Medicine 9, no. 5: 1561. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9051561

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop