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Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of Concomitant Orbital Floor Fractures in Patients with Head Trauma Using Conventional Head CT Scan: A Retrospective Study at a Level II Trauma Center

1
Department of Radiology, National Yang-Ming University Hospital, Yi-Lan 260, Taiwan
2
Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 112, Taiwan
3
Department of Dentistry, National Yang-Ming University Hospital, Yi-Lan 260, Taiwan
4
Department of Dentistry, Dental School, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 112, Taiwan
5
Department of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan
6
School of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(11), 1852; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8111852
Received: 22 September 2019 / Revised: 20 October 2019 / Accepted: 29 October 2019 / Published: 2 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Ophthalmology)
Background: Patients with head trauma may have concomitant orbital floor fractures (OFFs). The objective of our study was to determine the specific CT findings and investigate the diagnostic performance of head CT in detecting OFFs. Methods: We analyzed 3534 head trauma patients undergoing simultaneous head and facial CT over a 3-year period. The clinical data and specific head CT findings between patients with and without OFFs were compared. Results: In our cohort, 198 patients (5.6%) had OFFs visible on CT. On head CT, orbital floor discontinuity, gas bubbles entrapped between floor fragments, inferior extraconal emphysema, and maxillary hemosinus (MHS) were more commonly observed among patients with OFFs (p < 0.001). The absence of MHS had a high negative predictive value (99.7%) for excluding OFFs. Among the different types of MHS, the pattern showing high-attenuation opacity mixed with mottled gas had the highest positive predictive value (69.5%) for OFFs and was the only independent predictor of OFFs after adjusting for the other CT variables in all patients with MHS. Conclusion: Head CT may serve as a first-line screening tool to detect OFFs in head trauma patients. Hence, unnecessary facial CT and additional radiation exposure may be reduced. View Full-Text
Keywords: clear sinus sign; emergency departments; head CT; head trauma; maxillary hemosinus; orbital floor fracture; radiation exposure clear sinus sign; emergency departments; head CT; head trauma; maxillary hemosinus; orbital floor fracture; radiation exposure
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Huang, L.-K.; Tu, H.-F.; Jiang, L.-D.; Chen, Y.-Y.; Fu, C.-Y. Evaluation of Concomitant Orbital Floor Fractures in Patients with Head Trauma Using Conventional Head CT Scan: A Retrospective Study at a Level II Trauma Center. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 1852.

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